Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

Realism as a way of interpreting international relations has oft en been conceived to be closely tied to the Cold War. “Realism, rooted in the experience of World War II and the Cold War, is undergoing a crisis of confidence largely because the lessons adduced do not convincingly apply directly to [the] new realities,” ...

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Reinhold Niebuhr: A Personal Reflection and Political Evaluation

Kenneth W. Thompson

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pp. 1-23

The influence of the theologian Reinhold Niebuhr on the realists in international politics and on American foreign policy was varied and many sided. Although his formative influence on thinkers such as Hans J. Morgenthau in the United States and E. H. Carr in Britain was early, direct, and unquestioned, ...

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Thucydides on Peace

Steven Forde

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pp. 24-50

Some may find it surprising that Thucydides, famous as a theorist of war, provides us as well with a theory of peace. His analysis of the causes of war helps us recognize moments that are ripe for peace, even in seemingly intractable conflicts like the current war on terror. ...

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What’s “Realistic”? A Framework for an Augustinian Analysis of Contemporary Approaches to International Relations

William R. Stevenson Jr.

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pp. 51-81

The end of the Cold War has found the scholarly tradition of classical political realism both attacked from without and undermined from within. The attacks from without surprise no one: the history of liberal and idealist questionings of realist premises runs long and deep. ...

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International Law from a Machiavellian Perspective

Anthony D’Amato

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pp. 82-95

The purpose of this essay is to view international law in light of Machiavelli’s teachings on politics. I focus on a single incident that postdated the end of the Cold War—the show of force by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the Taiwan Strait in March 1996. ...

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Mathematici versus Dogmatici: Understanding the Realist Project through Hobbes

Laurie M. Johnson Bagby

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pp. 96-116

The world is constantly challenging political and social scientists to justify their theories in the face of facts. That was certainly the case aft er September 11, 2001, when the world was stunned by suicidal airplane attacks that brought down New York’s World Trade Center. ...

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“Every Man Supposed a Knave”: David Hume’s Political Realism

Daniel G. Lang

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pp. 117-136

Fifty years ago Arnold Wolfers argued in an essay on Anglo-American thinking about international affairs that the distinctive feature of that tradition was its assumption that countries have some freedom to decide what goals to pursue in foreign affairs and what means to use in pursuit of those goals. ...

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Edmund Burke’s Theory of International Order: The Debate between Realism and Rationalism

Jennifer M. Welsh

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pp. 137-160

Hans Morgenthau’s depiction of Burke as a Realist is based primarily on Burke’s writings and speeches on the balance of power and his admiration for Burke’s notion of prudent statesmanship.1 However, despite the fact that Burke places great emphasis on the Realist values of balance and stability when commenting on international relations, ...

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The Relevance of E. H. Carr’s Realism in the Post-Cold War World

Whittle Johnston

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pp. 161-190

We may begin our assessment of the relevance of E. H. Carr’s realism for the post–Cold War world with the observation that it is not easy to identify or define the content of his realism with much precision.1 This difficulty is illustrated in an evaluation of Carr by J. D. B. Miller. ...

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Reinhold Niebuhr’s Christian Realism/Christian Idealism

Colm McKeogh

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pp. 191-211

The foregoing quip captures a realization that came to the young Reinhold Niebuhr in the 1920s and that turned the liberal Christian pastor away from pacifism and toward a more realist ethic of politics. From then until his death in 1971, Niebuhr was to remain always a liberal Christian of realist bent. ...

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Morgenthau’s Political Realism and the Ethics of Evil

Greg Russell

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pp. 212-233

This essay investigates the philosophical roots of the ethical worldview at the center of Hans J. Morgenthau’s political realism. A number of commentators have found in Morgenthau an apostle of Machiavellian raison d’état or an intellectual patron of a moral relativism in which the struggle for power overwhelms the conscience of the political actor. ...

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Conclusion: The Relevance of Realism in the Post-Cold War World

David Clinton

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pp. 234-256

The subjects of the essays in this book span twenty-five centuries and a host of diplomatic dilemmas. Each thinker is, of course, worth studying in his own right as a major figure in the history of political thought, but collectively do they help us to answer the question of the relevance of the realist tradition to the new conditions of the world following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War? ...

Contributors

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pp. 257-258

Index

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pp. 259-260