Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Series Editor's Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

The editors of this collection offer students of Congress a dazzling array of studies of modern congressional politics. The book does not offer complex theoretical grounding of the analyses of crucial facets of congressional politics. ...

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

Congress occupies a central place in the U.S. political system. Its reach in the American society is vast and deep. Over time, the issues it has confronted have increased in both quantity and complexity. At the beginning, Congress dealt with a handful of matters, whereas today it has its hands in every imaginable aspect of life. ...

read more

1. Congress in the Twentieth Century

Sunil Ahuja, Robert Dewhirst

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-18

There are some widely accepted truisms about the U.S. Congress. It is one of the most powerful legislatures in the world. It is a dynamic body. It is one of the most widely studied and discussed public institutions in the United States. Indeed, with Britain’s Parliament as its primary rival, the American Congress is perhaps the most examined legislative body in the world. ...

Part I. Congress and Its Members

read more

2. From Concept to Context: Representation in the Twentieth Century

George E. Connor, Bruce I. Oppenheimer

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 21-42

In the classic The Concept of Representation, Hanna Pitkin argues that Hobbes, Mill, Burke, and Rousseau were “writers explicitly concerned with political representation,” whose ideas could “serve to bring a rather abstract discussion into more direct confrontation with the realities of political life.”1 ...

read more

3. The Decline of Competition and Change in Congressional Elections

James E. Campbell, Steve J. Jurek

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 43-72

Congressional elections changed in many ways over the course of the twentieth century. At the beginning of the century, the ninety U.S. senators representing the then forty-five states were elected by their respective state legislatures.1 There were only 357 seats in the U.S. House.2 ...

read more

4. Life and Work on the Hill: Careers, Norms, Staff, and Informal Caucuses

Susan Webb Hammond

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 73-94

As the twenty-first century begins, the formal structure of Congress—the committee system and party leadership organization—is complex and highly developed. The formal system, which helps Congress and individual members do their work, is characterized by both continuity and change. ...

Part II. Congress as an Institution

read more

5. Full Circle? Congressional Party Leadership during the Twentieth Century

Barbara Sinclair

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 97-116

It is tempting to argue that over the course of the twentieth century, congressional party leadership came full circle. In the House, one might contend, the twentieth century began with czar rule and ended with Newt Gingrich; for much of the period between these powerful speakers, committee barons challenged or even eclipsed party leaders. ...

read more

6. Sticky Rules: Procedural Change in the Twentieth-Century Congress

Sarah A. Binder

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 117-136

In 1890, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Thomas B. Reed (RME), was asked about the rights of minority parties in the House. “The right of the minority,” Reed is said to have retorted, “is to draw its paycheck.”1 Over a century later, Reed’s retort likely rings true to today’s members of the House minority party. ...

read more

7. Ebb and Flow in Twentieth-Century Committee Power

Christopher J. Deering

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 137-156

Legislative committees, floor procedure, and political parties are the core structural elements of the modern U.S. Congress. Contemporary political scientists characterize each as an institution (more or less formal sets of arrangements that confer power and shape the way that law is made). ...

read more

8. The Decline and Rise of Congressional Parties in the Twentieth Century

Patricia A. Hurley

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-184

The first decade of the twentieth century was characterized by intense inter-partisan rivalry in Congress, and ended with a bipartisan revolt against Joseph Cannon (R-IL), the powerful Speaker of the House of Representatives. The last decade was also characterized by intense partisan rivalry, and House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-GA) survived an attempt by members of his own party to oust him, ...

read more

9. The Changing Context of the Yeas and Nays in Congress

John R. Hibbing

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 185-202

Members of Congress are nothing if not decision makers. They decide which committees to seek, which constituents to meet, how to allocate their time, when to issue press releases, and whether to seek reelection. Most of all, they decide how to vote on the many public policy matters that pass through Congress. ...

Part III. Congress and Other Institutions

read more

10. The Congress and the President in the Twentieth Century

Karen S. Hoffman, Michael L.Mezey

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 205-224

The relationship between the Congress and the president is based upon a constitutional design of separate institutions sharing power. The framers’ plan was for an executive separated from, and therefore independent of, the legislature. This independence was to be guaranteed by separate selection processes for the two branches and by specific lawmaking prerogatives allocated to the Congress. ...

read more

11. The Essential Bond: Congress and Interest Groups in the Twentieth Century

Burdett A. Loomis

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 225-246

Even though one senator reacted to President Woodrow Wilson’s concerns in 1913 by denying the very existence of lobbyists on Capitol Hill, organized interests and members of Congress have worked with each other from the early days of the republic.1 The reaction to organized interests has often been cautionary, if not downright alarmist, ...

read more

12. Congress at Century's End

Sunil Ahuja, Robert Dewhirst

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 247-256

An examination of any important institution, public or private, must include reflection on the context in which that institution operates. The spate of journalistic and scholarly reviews and analyses marking the end of the twentieth century tended to share an agreement that the century clearly was a time of change and discovery in American society. ...

List of Contributors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 257-260

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 261-266

Other Titles in the Series

pdf iconDownload PDF