Cover

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Title Page, Series Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

Teachers play a fundamental role in the social and economic development of any society. Their preparation as professionals to meet the challenges of post-modern living is a key priority for both governments and universities. Many changes have taken place in teacher education since the establishment of formal institutions of teaching training in Hong Kong over one hundred years ago. Today, the Hong Kong government is committed to an “all graduate, all trained” profession and university level institutions are now...

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Preface

Pattie Yuk Yee Luk-Fong

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p. ix

School Guidance and Counselling is a book written for teachers to enable them to master their guidance role at school. This book draws extensively on the most up-to-date theories in the fi eld of school guidance and counselling, with a strong emphasis on the local contextual factors that affect school guidance and counselling in Hong Kong. Chinese Confucian practices such as the emphasis on examinations, the contestation between...

About the Authors

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pp. xi-xiii

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1. The Fundamentals, Definition, Philosophy, Goals and Current Trends of School Guidance in Hong Kong

Pattie Yuk Yee Luk-Fong

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pp. 1-26

It has long been in the Chinese tradition to uphold the Confucian school of thought, with the Confucian concept very much ingrained in education. There is an often quoted dictum in Book 15 of The Analects, ‘Confucius says, “To teach regardless of what kind of person that is”,’ which points out that a teacher should teach his students irrespective of their wealth, birthplace, social status, and intelligence level. In these words, Confucius not only...

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2. Psychological Resilience and the Personal Growth of Children and Adolescents: On the Guidance and Counselling Needs of Children and Adolescents

Pattie Yuk Yee Luk-Fong and Tuen-yi Chiu

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pp. 27-54

Prior to providing guidance to students, it is imperative to understand students’ personal growth and guidance needs. In many parts of the world, the personal growth of youngsters is not only influenced by the individual’s personal characteristics and stage of personal development, but also deeply affected by his/her surroundings. The personal growth of Hong Kong’s youngsters...

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3. Hong Kong School Guidance and Counselling Service: Development and Approach

Mabel Mei Po Shek

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pp. 55-76

School guidance service emerged from the USA in the early twentieth century, in response to the changes in social environment, during a society’s transformation from a predominantly agrarian economy to one with rapid industrial development. Later, with the speedy and widespread growth of information technology, school education itself evolved drastically, making it necessary for school guidance to adjust and change accordingly...

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4. Personal Growth Education

Pattie Yuk Yee Luk-Fong

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pp. 77-100

As pointed out in Chapter 1, guidance in Hong Kong has incorporated characteristics from the West as well as local Chinese traditions, and this unique combination has given rise to the conflicting and complementary relationships that have existed between the discipline and guidance services in Hong Kong for many years. This chapter will explore in depth the difficulties for the co-existence of the personal growth education curriculum and...

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5. Person-centred Therapy: Foundations of Humanistic Approach to Counselling

Yuk Ching Lee-Man

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pp. 101-118

The person-centred therapy was founded by the prominent American psychologist, Carl Rogers. His theory has been widely used in both individual and group counselling. Representative of the humanistic models, and the third force after psychoanalysis and behaviour therapy, the impact of this theory reached its peak in the 1960s and 1970s, and has continued to the present. It is hoped that through the study of this school of therapy...

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6. Cognitive Counselling Theory: The Light of Reason

Yuk Ching Lee-Man

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pp. 119-136

With changing times and the advance in thinking also came the change of our interpretation towards behaviour. Behaviourism began with classical and operant conditioning as the foundation of behaviour modification. In the 1960s, social learning and cognitive behaviour therapy emerged, which enriched techniques in behaviour modification and reformed the therapeutic methods. In the 1980s, the cognitive behaviour therapy became...

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7. Behaviour Modification Theory: From Research to Student Behaviour Guidance

Yuk Ching Lee-Man

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pp. 137-154

The leading advocate of behaviour therapy was B. F. Skinner, one of the most influential psychologists of our time. Born in 1904 and deceased in 1990, he was hailed by many as the father of behaviourism. Behaviour therapy has been widely used in educational and clinical psychology, sharing its dominance with psychoanalysis and person-centred therapy and having immense impacts on the development of psychology. He...

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8. Roles and Functions of the Class Teacher: Guidance for Pupils' Personal Growth on an Individual and Class Basis

Ching Leung Lung

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pp. 155-174

As the ancient Chinese writer Han Yu said, ‘In ancient times, all scholars had a teacher. The teacher passes on the right way, imparts knowledge and resolves problems.’ The position of ‘teacher’ comprises different roles and functions, and the impact of Han Yu’s interpretation of the duties of a teacher is still being felt today. In Hong Kong, new recruits are often assigned by the school to take up the duty of a class teacher. They have to...

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9. Roles and Functions of the Class Teacher: Guidance for Pupils' Personal Growth on a School Basis

Ching Leung Lung

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pp. 175-196

Guidance for pupils is not the sole responsibility of the class teacher, and therefore he/she needs to understand the positioning of his/her guidance role, and collaborate with the principal, the senior teachers, the entire teaching staff and parents to support students in their development (Lung 2010). Case Study 1 describes what Miss Cheung sees in the corridor. If you were Miss Cheung, what would your reaction be? What is your view of the discipline teacher’s way of dealing with the incident? What would you have done? How would you deal...

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10. Crisis Management and Its Application to School Guidance

Ming Tak Hue

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pp. 197-218

In order to meet the expectations of parents and society on the school and teachers, present-day teachers need to get prepared and be ready to give appropriate response and reaction to different crises that were rarely heard of some ten years ago. The following headlines in a local newspaper, South China Morning Post, provide good examples of the kind of crises that schools and teachers may have to face: ‘One Child in Six Suffers Abuse...

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11. Ethics in School Counselling

Suk Chun Fung

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pp. 219-238

Counselling is a profession that offers help to people. The maintenance and further development of its professionalism require a set of comprehensive, integral and updated codes of ethics. The presence of such codes of ethics indicates the level of maturity and development of the profession (Leung, Leung, and Chan 2003). At present, primary and secondary teachers in Hong Kong are still short of a set of localized school counselling codes of ethics. The lack of ethical codes, on the one hand, reveals the underdevelopment...

Index

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pp. 239-244