In this Book

summary
Physiological Foundations of Neurology and Psychiatry was first published in 1953.The findings of Dr. Gellhorn’s extensive and significant research on the physiology of the central nervous system form the basis of the discussion in this volume. Reference is frequently made to the applicability of this laboratory experience to clinical as well as other fields. An attempt has been made to integrate the clinical and experimental literature with the discussion, to give an up-to-date picture of the problems involved and to indicate the possibilities for future investigation. Topics of interest to physiologists, endocrinologists, internists, neurologists and neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, and clinical psychologists are discussed.An important aspect of the author’s work concerned certain recent tests which show an altered reactivity of autonomic centers in the psychotic condition. His interpretation of the significance of these tests for a physiologically oriented therapy of functional psychoses is published here for the first time. The physiological effects actually produced in the central nervous system by “shock” treatment and carbon dioxide therapy are analyzed.Other sections give consideration to some of the principal working mechanisms of the neuron, to the factors determining movements and convulsions, to the pathophysiology of cortical lesions, to some aspects of autonomic physiology, and to the problem of consciousness. An important section deals with integrative functions of the nervous system - those involved in emotion, the conditioning process as the basis of behavior, and homeostasis.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. TABLE OF CONTENTS
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. INTRODUCTION
  2. pp. 3-8
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  1. Part I. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Regulating Neuronal Activity
  2. pp. 9-10
  1. Chapter 1. THE UNIT ANALYSIS OF NERVOUS ACTIVITY
  2. pp. 11-37
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  1. Chapter 2. THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT AND CENTRAL NERVOUS ACTIVITY
  2. pp. 38-54
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  1. Part II. Contributions to the Physiology and Pathology of Movements
  2. pp. 55-56
  1. Chapter 3. THE MOTOR CORTEX AND THE PHYSIOLOGY OF MOVEMENTS
  2. pp. 57-88
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  1. Chapter 4. VOLUNTARY MOVEMENTS, MOTOR CORTEX, AND REFLEX ACTIVITY
  2. pp. 89-102
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  1. Chapter 5. THE RESTITUTION OF MOVEMENTS AFTER CENTRAL LESIONS
  2. pp. 103-120
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  1. Chapter 6. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY
  2. pp. 121-140
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  1. Chapter 7. STUDIES ON EXPERIMENTAL CONVULSIONS
  2. pp. 141-178
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  1. Part III. The Physiological Basis of Consciousness
  2. pp. 179-180
  1. Chapter 8. AN APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM
  2. pp. 181-183
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  1. Chapter 9. THE PHYSIOLOGY OF CONSCIOUSNESS
  2. pp. 184-205
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  1. Chapter 10. THE PATHOLOGY OF CONSCIOUSNESS
  2. pp. 206-228
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  1. Part IV. Some Aspects of Autonomic Physiology
  2. pp. 229-230
  1. Chapter 11. NEUROHUMORS AND NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
  2. pp. 231-268
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  1. Chapter 12. THE EYE AS AN INDICATOR OF AUTONOMIC ACTIVITY
  2. pp. 269-288
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  1. Part V. Integrations
  2. pp. 289-290
  1. Chapter 13. PRINCIPLES OF NEURO-ENDOCRINE ACTION
  2. pp. 291-332
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  1. Chapter 14. THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF EMOTION
  2. pp. 333-360
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  1. Chapter 15. FACTORS INVOLVED IN CONDITIONING
  2. pp. 361-388
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  1. Chapter 16. HOMEOSTASIS
  2. pp. 389-418
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  1. Chapter 17. THE CONSTANCY OF THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
  2. pp. 419-426
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  1. Part VI. Applications
  2. pp. 427-428
  1. Chapter 18. SCHIZOPHRENIA, THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, AND SHOCK THERAPY
  2. pp. 429-449
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  1. Chapter 19. THE PHYSIOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE THERAPY
  2. pp. 450-465
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  1. Chapter 20. PHYSIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES FOR THE THERAPY OF PSYCHONEUROSES AND FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOSES
  2. pp. 466-488
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  1. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF AUTHORS
  2. pp. 489-544
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  1. SUBJECT INDEX
  2. pp. 545-556
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780816662555
Related ISBN
9780816668625
MARC Record
OCLC
234784581
Pages
572
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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