Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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Editor's Foreword

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pp. ix-xii

The expansion of Europe since the thirteenth century has had profound influences on peoples throughout the world. Encircling the globe, the expansion changed men's lives and goals and became one of the decisive movements in the history of mankind. ...

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Preface

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pp. xiii-xvi

The following study does not attempt to embrace all the lands, peoples, and problems that are to be found in the history of twentieth-century empire. The enormity of the enterprise and the various levels at which it operated—from the suppression of Communist uprisings in Indonesia in 1926-27 to the daily sale of Darjeeling tea at Fortnum and Mason's in London— ...

Contents

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p. xvii

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Introduction: The Setting

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pp. 3-11

"It takes quite a lack of humor to build an empire." This summary statement, offered by the historian Carlo M. Cippola, would be difficult to match.1 Hidden behind the stark words lie all sorts of implications about human conduct. Certainly there was a seriousness, both deadly earnest and petty, about empire-building and governance. ...

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1. Empires at War

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pp. 12-46

In the early afternoon of February 1, 1921, the Prince of Wales unveiled the Chattri that had recently been constructed in Brighton, England. The correspondent of The Times covering the event commented: "The Chattri is impressive because of its architectural originality—or, at the least, the unfamiliarity of the whole design—and all the more so because of its situation on the Sussex Downs."1 ...

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2. Colonial Rule and Administration

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pp. 47-75

Few of the world war's effects on imperialism were so swift and complete as that which occurred in the European compound of Tientsin, China, when news of the armistice arrived at 7:05 P.M. on November 11. A German statue, erected in commemoration of the Boxer Rebellion and deriseively known as "Tin Willie," ...

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3. Imperial Designs: Technology and Economic Development

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pp. 76-113

Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, paid a visit to the movie set of "Scipio Africanus" in January 1937, where he watched Libyans playing the role of Hannibal's soldiers.1 It was an obvious example of political propaganda and a historical evocation that twentieth-century technology made both possible and monumental. ...

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4. Colonial Cities

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pp. 114-146

The decision made by General Hubert Lyautey in 1912 to establish the official French residence in Rabat, Morocco, was dramatic in setting and gesture. As he halted his horse on the heights overlooking the future city site and, beyond, the ancient villages of Rabat and Salé set against the Mediterranean, he declared that there, and nowhere else, would the French capital be situated. ...

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5. Voices of Protest

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pp. 147-177

The American press took notice when Marcus Garvey addressed approximately 25,000 of his followers in New York's Madison Square Garden in the evening of August 2, 1920. The event was spectacular, in part made so by the vivid green, purple, and gold academic regalia in which Garvey was dressed, but even more by the tone and content of his speech. ...

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6. The End of Empire

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pp. 178-210

Nineteen and one-half hours after their departure from Heathrow Airport in London, the royal couple landed at Nairobi, Kenya, the first official stop in a planned tour of the Commonwealth, which was to cover 30,000 miles over a five-month period of time.1 ...

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Aftermath

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pp. 211-220

Years after the French had departed, many of the street signs in Algiers still displayed the incompleteness of change. Old French names enameled in white on a blue background had been partially covered by new Arabic names painted in black. ...

Bibliographical Note

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pp. 221-230

Notes

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pp. 231-258

Index

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pp. 259-264

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About the Author

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Raymond Betts earned his doctorate in history at Columbia University in 1958; he also holds degrees from the universities of Grenoble and Paris. Betts has taught at Bryn Mawr and Grinnell colleges and, since 1971, at the University of Kentucky. ...