Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

...formal responsibilities, although quite detailed in certain respects, failed to paint a complete picture of how cities were governed. The struggles over burning issues, the give and take of delicate negotiations, and the triumphs and defeats of campaigns and elections were largely missing. Simply put, these careful and precise comparisons...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

...Fellowship, living in London while attached to the School of Policy Studies, Cranfield Institute of Technology (now Cranfield University), located in Bedfordshire, England. In the summer of 1991, Professors DiGaetano and Klemanski began conducting interviews and collecting primary research information in England. Professor...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-10

...In the past, British and American cities functioned as centers of production and distribution, of learning and entertainment, and of regional, national, and international public affairs. After World War II, however, many larger cities in Britain and the United States (and elsewhere in the industrialized world) appeared to...

Part I: Comparing Urban Governance in the United Kingdom and the United States

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1. Modes of Governance in Comparative Perspective

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pp. 13-30

...What is taken for granted in comparing cities within a single country—their intergovernmental relations or role of their courts, for example—may emerge as daunting obstacles to cross-national comparisons. The danger here is that one might be tempted to take the path of least resistance and focus...

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2. Urban Structuring and Restructuring

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pp. 31-60

...Urban structuring and restructuring refers to the set of global, national, regional, and local forces that configure the socioeconomic spatial arrangements of cities. Within urban structuring and restructuring, two distinct but related patterns of development can be discerned. The first includes the spatial dimensions of work, production...

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3. State Structuring and Restructuring

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pp. 61-86

...Differences in political institutions arise from differences in the histories and cultural moorings of different countries. Not surprisingly, most comparative studies of urban politics underscore these institutional differences (Gurr and King 1987; Keating 1991; Wolman and Goldsmith 1992). But in such differences lies a common ground...

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4. Urban Governing Alignments and Realignments

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pp. 87-126

...coalitions are the constellations of leaders that come together around particular sets of issues or problems. Power structures, in turn, constitute the informal relations through which governing elites allocate political resources to set and carry out governing agendas. Finally, governing agendas are composed of the strategies...

Part II: Progrowth Politics

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5. The Politics of Regional Primacy

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pp. 129-166

...It is our contention that these conceptions of downtown economies and the strategies to redevelop them in the 1980s and 1990s gauge too narrowly the nature and structure of central city downtowns. Postindustrial city centers of Great Britain and the United States (as well as other industrial nations) are not simply corporate command...

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6. Coping with Industrial Decline

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pp. 167-194

...twentieth century. Once powerful engines of national growth, these industrial behemoths have seen their economic importance ebb considerably over the last half century. National and international competition has led industrial firms to locate new factories or mills in suburban or exurban settings, often overseas...

Part III: The Dilemmas of Progressive Urban Politics

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7. The Politics of Social Reform

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pp. 197-222

...Social reform has a more continuous history in British urban politics, given the socialist predilections of the Labour party. Labourist traditions of local socialism were rooted in the nation’s trade union movement and focused on equity in consumption policy, such as housing and social...

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8. The Dilemmas of Growth Management Politics

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pp. 223-240

...the politics of growth management in American cities arose in reaction to the externalities of rapid growth. In some cases, growth management movements found strong allies among state and local government officials. For example, in Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, growth management...

Part IV: Modes of Governance as Explanation

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9. Explaining Modes of Governance

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pp. 243-280

...The primary focus of this book has been to compare postindustrial urban development politics in the United Kingdom and the United States. The object of this analysis has been what we termed modes of governance, which embody the “who, how, and what” of governing large cities. Adopting...

Notes

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pp. 281-282

References

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pp. 283-308

Index

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pp. 309-328