Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Foreword

RALPH F. BERDIE

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pp. v-x

"How does my counseling or casework influence my counselees and clients?" This persistent question is asked by every thoughtful counselor and caseworker every time he rationally plans his procedures and whenever he attempts to justify his role in society. ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

Our sincere gratitude is due to the University of Minnesota Student Counseling Bureau, Office of the Dean of Students, and to the Louis W. and Maud Hill Family Foundation for the encouragement and financial support received from the outset of the research project that forms the core of this book. ...

Contents

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pp. xiii-xiv

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1 Problems of Clinical Research

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pp. 3-10

Counseling, casework, and psychotherapy occur in many forms and settings, with different clienteles and under the sponsorship of a wide variety of agencies. The specific objectives of such practice vary: the counselor's purpose may be to increase the client's information about himself or his environment, to produce insight into emotional conflicts, ...

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2 Methodological Considerations in Outcome Research

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pp. 11-15

For the experimental scientist the term "methodological considerations" covers a wide range of topics extending from the problems of epistemology and philosophy of science, through the mathematical niceties of statistics and experimental design, to the more specific technical concerns of treatment administration and data collection. ...

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3 The Relevance of Philosophy of Science

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pp. 16-24

Throughout this book we shall direct specific attention to the question of what happens to the psychological attributes and behaviors of clients as a result of counseling. We are concerned with the development of a theory within which these outcomes, and the functions of the treatment in producing them, can be described. ...

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4 The Design and Analysis of Outcome Studies

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pp. 25-47

The preceding chapter stressed the importance of a carefully formulated theory of counseling or psychotherapy as a basis for research. This is not to imply that the theory initially must provide a complete and exhaustive account adequate to predict and explain all experimental findings. ...

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5 Technical Considerations in the Collection of Data

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pp. 48-65

Technical problems arise in the attempt to implement the logic of some experimental design in a particular situation. The peculiar, specific characteristics of the setting in which the research is done often impose restraints and difficulties on the execution of otherwise well-designed studies. ...

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6 A Conceptual Framework

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pp. 66-97

The complex of sequential interactions between the counselor or therapist and his client represents a demanding and challenging subject for theory, practice, and research—demanding in the sense that as a source of behavioral modification the process is highly valued in our culture. ...

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7 The Evaluation Instruments

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pp. 98-135

The theory developed in Chapter 6 is, in part, an integration of the thinking of many outstanding teachers, the research of many behavioral scientists, and the ideas of many excellent writers and helpful colleagues. Most immediately, it is the product of a coordinated program of research which preceded it (Hoyt, 1954; Magoon, 1954; Jesness, 1955), ...

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8 The Experimental Design and Its Execution

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pp. 136-153

Before proceeding with a report of the counseling experiments, we shall summarize the previous sections on theory development and measurement as they relate to the experimental programs. ...

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9 Related Studies

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pp. 154-167

Two former graduate students working under Dr. Ralph Berdie and with the cooperation of Dr. Volsky have dealt with research questions arising out of the original study. Their work is summarized and reviewed here with their consent (Jewell, 1958; Vosbeck, 1959). ...

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10 Reflections

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pp. 168-184

This concluding chapter is, we believe, an unusual one. It grew out of our discussions concerning how we might convey some general and some quite specific impressions gained during and after the investigations we have described. ...

Appendix

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pp. 185-198

References

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pp. 199-205

Index

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pp. 206-209