Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright

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Contents

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p. v

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-ix

This book would not have been possible without the generosity and support of friends, colleagues, and well-wishers through the years. To P. Rajani, G. K. Mathews, Bert States, Manthia Diawara, Robert Egan, Simon Williams, Gerald Horne, Elliott Butler Evans, Abdul Jan Mohammed, Clarence Walker, Michael Sprinker, Norma Alarcón, Lawrence Grossberg, James Clifford, Michael Taussig, Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Toby Miller, Allen Weiss, Peggy Phelan, Randy...

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1 The Performance of Citizenship

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pp. 1-20

It is a dark rainy night in 1972. A car inches its way through a policed barricade, interrupted by the surveillance of flashlights. Crowds of Asians are saying hurried good-byes to Uganda, their homeland until Idi Amin ordered their eviction. Melodramatic scenes of terror and fear of the present and future. Sorrowful partings, reluctant leavings. The mise-en-scène segues into a cartographic...

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2 Citizen Nyerere

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pp. 21-36

The early years of postcolonial statehood brought with them an anxiety over authority fueled by the long period of anticolonial struggle. In various African and Asian nations, this anxiety often congealed around evocative nationalist leaders linked to liberation struggles, later reconfigured as heads of secular, independent states. The biographies of Mahatma Gandhi in India, Sékou Touré in Guinea, Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt, and Julius Nyerere in Tanzania...

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3 Ujamaa and Soul

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pp. 37-48

In November 1969, Julius K. Nyerere, president of Tanzania, outlawed “soul music.” The ban was accompanied by warnings that the state would take action against soul nightclubs that ignored state policy.1 A popular explanation for the ban was the need to curb the perceived Americanizing influences locally embodied by the thriving soul clubs, and nationally to insist on less conspicuous consumption. The excessive display of pleasure and leisure epitomized...

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4 Kung Fu Cinema and Frugality

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pp. 49-68

In the opening scene of his performance piece “In Between Space,” Shishir Kurup, a Los Angeles–based Asian American performance artist, narrates growing up in Mombasa, Kenya, in the 1970s: We live over here in Pandya House, a tenement building with shops and offices below. Over here is the Regal Cinema which exclusively plays American shoot-’em-ups, Italian spaghetti shoot-’em-ups, and Chinese Kung-Fu-’emups. Sam Peckinpah, Sergio Leone, Run-Run Shaw, Raymond Chow. Tickets are two shillings and forty cents for rows A–J (which work out at about a quarter in American...

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5 Nomadic Citizenship

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pp. 69-88

While creating possibilities for new types of community, many postcolonial states have seen radical disruptions of old ones. In the throes of nationalist struggle, the violent legacy of the colonial encounter transformed local communities into transitory, nomadic, and fraught areas of postcolonial migrancy. Over a single generation, people have lived through cataclysmic dislocations, from the colonial to nationalist then postcolonial state, to transnationally...

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6 Staging the Postcolony

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pp. 89-110

Ghana became the first African state to acquire independence in 1957. Chairman Mao died in 1976. The nineteen years in between mark a crucial period in the development of Black diasporic visibility in Europe and internationally. It was a time of passionate involvement in global solidarity movements and the formulation of radical itineraries for national sovereignty and self-determination. The cumulative effects of three centuries of slavery, indentured...

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7 Bodies outside the State

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pp. 111-126

In his account of Black British cultural production and its transatlantic influences, There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack, Paul Gilroy outlines the elaborate regimes of production, consumption, and circulation that make Black Britishness a tangible and pervasive presence within the British state.1 Hovering around Gilroy’s intricate archive are the invisible economies of Black British women’s...

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8 The Scream of Sycorax

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pp. 127-140

As the cultural work of Black British women demonstrates, women are everywhere present but relegated to the background in nationalist and postcolonial struggles for citizenship. The official record of modern state formation is virtually wiped clean of women as active political participants. Moreover, until recently the surreptitious ideologies of nation building uncovered by revisionist historians rarely included gender as a constitutive category...

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9 Transnational Migrations

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pp. 141-152

In response to neocolonial relations of knowledge, emerging postcolonial states in the imperial histories of the twentieth century generated new conceptions of the citizen, language, and ways of being in the world. Issues of métissage and creolité in the Francophone Caribbean; concepts of anthropophagy and the carnivalesque in Brazilian discourses about modernization during...

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10 Postnational Reverberations

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pp. 153-158

Migration has become a way of life for many in the latter part of the twentieth century. The large-scale displacement of peoples from the rural to the urban or across nations has heightened the precariousness of arbitrary boundaries while fueling contemporary identifications with ossified national identities. The 1970s in particular witnessed a global reconfiguration of national citizenship. As new nations contended with older ones, new geopolitical...

Notes

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pp. 159-172

Index

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pp. 173-178

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About the Author

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pp. 179-179

MAY JOSEPH is assistant professor of performance studies at the Tisch School...