Cover

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About the Series, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-viii

Contents

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

...So many people contributed to and supported this project, and I am delighted to acknowledge them. David Brownlee gave unstintingly of his time, his ideas, and his enthusiasm. His perceptive criticisms of my work and insight into the problems...

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Introduction: The YMCA and the Cultural Landscape of Modernity

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pp. 1-12

...three or four stories tall, with some classicizing detail—is so standardized and well known that it is oen taken for granted, a set piece in the American downtown. One model railroading supply company, Model Power, even manufactures an N-Scale YMCA building...

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1. Reconciling Morality and Mammon: A Christian Club for Clerks

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pp. 13-48

...young men was directed to soldiers in the field rather than clerks in the countinghouses. Nearly bankrupt, the Y was forced to move to cheap rented quarters in the Bible House on Astor Place. The small library and parlor, located down a dark hallway away...

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2. Inventing the YMCA Building

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pp. 49-84

...James Renwick Jr., the five-story building physically and programmatically combined religion, leisure, and commerce in an unprecedented way. Behind an elegant Second Empire façade, complex paths of access and circulation connected public and private spaces on five...

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3. Accepting the Call to Build: Architectural Evangelism on Main Street

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pp. 85-122

...their role as the pioneers of modern corporate structures, they envisioned a national network of Ys as important unifying elements of an increasingly modern, urban, and unified public culture. As David Scobey has written, in this period of reconstruction “nationhood in the United States was remade by linked processes of capitalist...

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4. Bedrooms, Billiards, and Basketball: Retooling the YMCA

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pp. 123-148

...These changes not only required an increase in height and square footage, but they also challenged the identity of the building itself. What had been designed as moral ballast and a beacon nestled within the commercial landscape and the market system became a...

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5. From Greensboro to China: YMCA Architecture as International Business

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pp. 149-192

...allowed. The acquisition of machinery and the arrangement of the internal features required specialized knowledge and experience. Local building committees, especially outside of major urban areas, lacked the experience to guide the process...

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Epilogue: Influences Radiate ...

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pp. 193-210

...The YMCA had the process of building social centers down to a science, with formulae to determine the size, expense, and type of facilities appropriate to communities of different populations, with varying needs and real estate values. They had long ago identified the problems...

Notes

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pp. 211-232

Bibliography

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pp. 233-252

Illustration Credits

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pp. 253-254

Index

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pp. 255-265

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About the Author

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pp. 266-266

...PAULA LUPKIN is assistant professor in the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis, where she teaches architectural and urban history...

Image Plates

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pp. 267-274