Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Many people gave me guidance and support over the course of writing this book and helped make it possible. ...

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Introduction: Intimate Indigenismo

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pp. xi-xxx

What is indigenismo? One approach defines indigenismo as a discourse by non-Indians about Indians in Latin America, one that originated in the sixteenth century and continues into the present day. Such a definition emphasizes that indigenismo comes from a perspective that is external and alien to indigenous people themselves. ...

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1. Anatomy of Indigenismo

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pp. 1-29

Since the 1970s, scholarly accounts of indigenismo have focused on its status as a discourse of cultural and political domination of Indians, which is indeed a central and defining aspect of indigenista discourse. Although challenging existing racial hierarchies, indigenismo remains a kind of colonialism and a kind of racism, ...

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2. The Voice of the Son in Jesús Lara’s Surumi

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pp. 30-79

Close to eighty years old, Jesús Lara looks back on his life and sees continuity, a “guiding thread” to his life. This thread is a certain kind of writing, writing as identity: he writes as someone in particular, the son of the Indian race. The statement is itself a proclamation of identity: “I am mestizo.” ...

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3. José María Arguedas and the Mediating Voice

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pp. 80-136

This passage by José María Arguedas, taken from his seminal essay “La novela y el problema de la expresión literaria en el Perú” [The Novel and the Problem of Literary Expression in Peru], refers concretely to the central dilemma of his process of literary construction: how to eliminate Quechua words and “quechua-isms” from his writing without losing the essence of what he wished to communicate.1 ...

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4. Rosario Castellanos at the Edge of Entanglement

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pp. 137-182

What is essential to a given life? The indigenista threads of Rosario Castellanos’s fictional autobiography Balún Canán (1957) did not start out essential but became so, woven in as part of her developing aesthetic and ideological vision and particularly as part of her feminist vision. Castellanos was in Europe when she first began to narrate her attachment to Chiapas, Mexico, her home state, through indigenismo. ...

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Conclusion: Listening to Small Voices

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pp. 183-200

Two major threads constitute “national time” in the production of indigenista novels. One of these threads is a form of re-presentation of the unified or synchronous temporal experience of nationality. As Benedict Anderson suggests, the novel, by positing that events which occur in different spaces are simultaneous with one another, unifies disparate experiences into a singular and coherent entity, into a “solid community” moving as one through history. ...

Notes

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pp. 201-218

Bibliography

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pp. 219-232

Index

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pp. 233-240

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About the Author, Other Works in the Series

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Estelle Tarica is associate professor of Latin American literature and culture at the University of California, Berkeley.