Cover

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About the Series, Title Page, Copyright, Foreword, Preface

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Contents

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p. xi

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1. Organizing and Developing Guidance Services

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pp. 1-11

ORGANIZING guidance services within the framework of an educational program in which teachers and administrators have a "student personnel point of view" is a process of utilizing available resources and techniques. Such a process may take these forms: (1) discovering the real needs and problems of students; (2) using information collected about students to adjust instruction to meet individual needs; (3) developing among teachers more...

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2. Orientation of New Students

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pp. 12-15

ENTERING a new situation, whether one is a student enrolling in school or an adult entering a new place of employment, often means a temporary period of insecurity. Unless some plan exists to help the individual meet the conditions and demands of the new environment, serious problems of adjustment and personal unhappiness may result. The armed forces...

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3. Understanding the Student Through the Individual Inventory

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pp. 16-27

STUDENTS cannot be understood unless they are known. Knowing each student as an individual, therefore, has become a matter of considerable concern in the modern school. Providing for individual differences through individualized instruction, remedial work, adjustment of educational environment, and personal counseling requires first of all that each student...

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4. Counseling Students

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pp. 28-38

COUNSELING is an inclusive function in the sense that it is performed by all teachers and administrators in varying amounts and with varying degrees of competency. It is, however, only one of several functions in a total guidance program. Counseling is not to be confused with group guidance, on the one hand, or mere interviewing, on the...

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5. Learning from Group Experience

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pp. 39-47

GROUP situations have long been recognized as essential for instruction and guidance of the learning process. A new emphasis is being placed upon the values of group work in education, industry, government, and social welfare work. During the past ten years a whole new vocabulary of terms and concepts has been developed to define and describe some of the processes,...

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6. Health Services

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pp. 48-52

To SPEAK of health services in the high school is to disturb some people. "Isn't health a personal, family matter," they will ask, "and not a concern of the school at all?" To so argue is to miss one of the great lessons of the past few decades. The school is concerned with a person—not just a mind—and the physical and mental health of this person is a large...

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7. Placement in Jobs and in Further Training

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pp. 53-58

IN THE beginning phases of organized guidance in the schools, some forty years ago, job placement was an overemphasized function. The entire guidance effort was vocational guidance aimed at specific employment. Developments since then have swung the emphasis to the other extreme so that job placement, the culmination of vocational guidance, is one of...

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8. Checking on Effectiveness of the Guidance Program

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pp. 59-64

ACCEPTANCE of "face validity," unfortunately, is all too common in educational procedures—making a change in curriculum, organization, or method because the new procedure "looks" good. It may be a desirable move, but to have only personal impressions of the effectiveness of the new procedure is to invite self-deceit of the worst order. The evaluative phase...

Appendix: Tables 1–11

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pp. 65-71