Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Foreword, Acknowledgments

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Contents

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pp. ix-x

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I. The Problem

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pp. 3-4

This investigation was undertaken in an attempt to examine the effect of several controlled variables on persisting behavior. It was frankly exploratory, planned with the purpose of varying a number of conditions to determine the direction of their influence. ...

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II. Previous Experiments in the Field

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pp. 5-19

Experiments in persisting or attending behavior with preschool subjects have become fairly numerous in the last half-decade. They have been variously called studies in attention span, interest span, perseverative tendency, persistence, and perseverance. ...

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III. The Experimental Setup

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pp. 20-33

In the present experiment it was necessary to limit the choice of tasks, incentives, and subjects by certain considerations. It seemed advisable to vary not only the kind of task falling roughly within a single type, but also the types of tasks. The reason for this lies in the hypothesis already stated that the effect of the incentive is altered by the nature of the task that is being performed. ...

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IV. Analyses of Group Results

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pp. 34-73

The total results for each of the three incentive situations will be given in the first section of this chapter. These will be followed by a more detailed analysis of the tasks as they are related, first, to the incentives, and second, to one another. We shall then examine the relation of the persisting performances to the factors of sex, socio-economic status, age, and intelligence test scores. ...

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V. Individual Case Studies

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pp. 74-124

Up to this point we have been reporting the results that indicate the directions of group behavior under various conditions, as well as some of the possible reasons for high or low performances in any one of the incentive situations. This chapter will deal with individual patterns of persisting behavior and with some functional variables that do not appear in the group data. ...

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VI. Summary and Conclusions

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pp. 125-127

Within the limits of the present study, the effectiveness of incentive situations increased for the group in the following order: first, task carried on without further incentive; second, with the praise of the experimenter; and third, with a group of four children among whom a competitive attitude was promoted by the experimenter. ...

Appendix I

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pp. 128-129

Appendix II

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pp. 130-133

Bibliography

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pp. 134-135

Index

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pp. 136-138