Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

A University of California President's Research Fellowship in the Humanities and an Irvine Faculty Research Grant gave me the time and support I needed to complete the research and writing of this book. I am grateful as well to the American Academy in Rome for making my stay in Rome in the fall of 1992 a pleasant one. ...

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Preface

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pp. ix-xvi

This book treats Italian fascism as a discursive formation whose principal node of articulation is "virility." It argues that a knowledge of fascist ideology may be gained not through cataloguing the often ideologically incompatible elements or ideas that circulated in it, but rather through an analysis of the way in which those heterogeneous elements are articulated or bound together. ...

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1 Rhetorics of Virility: D'Annunzio, Marinetti, Mussolini, Benjamin

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pp. 1-33

Thus Carlo Emilio Gadda maliciously summarizes the fascist era in his novel Eros e Priapo (Eros and Priapo), by carrying the obsession with virility in fascist discourse to its limit: the virilization of woman herself. Gadda's aim is to ridicule fascist discourse by pointing to what he takes to be the absurdity of mixing and matching gender and sex: ...

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2 Fascist Women and the Rhetoric of Virility

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pp. 34-48

Perhaps no discursive regime so energetically enforced compulsory heterosexuality as did the fascist regime. Prolific mothers and virile men people its imaginary, while its rhetoric of virility collapses gender and sex, biologizing both. ...

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3 Mafarka and Son: Marinetti's Homophobic Economics

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pp. 49-76

In his essay "Fascist Ideology," the intellectual historian Zeev Sternhell has little trouble in characterizing the essential ideological import of F. T. Marinetti's futurism as fascist from start to finish, from 1909 to 1943: ...

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4 D'Annunzio and the Antidemocratic Fantasy

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pp. 77-113

Like Marinettis Mafarka le futuriste, D'Annunzio s 1895 Le vergini delle rocce takes as its theme the generation of a superhuman son.1 Claudio Cantelmo, the novel's protagonist, sets out to choose, from among three sisters, a genitrix who will bear him an exceptional son. ...

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5 Fascism as Discursive Regime

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pp. 114-156

In the most important of several speeches given on the eve of the March on Rome, the 1922 "Discorso di Udine," Benito Mussolini paints the relation between fascism and rhetoric as antagonistic: ...

Notes

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pp. 157-182

Index

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pp. 183-188