Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction: Culture and Control in Counter-Reformation Spain

Anne J. Cruz, Mary Elizabeth Perry

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pp. ix-xxiii

Culture and control became issues of primary importance for public policy during the Counter-Reformation in Spain. From the reign of Ferdinand and Isabel through the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Spain experienced the exhilaration and anxiety of attempts to effect meaningful reform that pressed far beyond the confines...

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Chapter 1 "Christianization" in New Castile: Catechism, Communion, Mass, and Confirmation in the Toledo Archbishopric, 1540-1650

Jean Pierre Dedieu

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pp. 1-24

In 1975, Professor Delumeau, in his inaugural address at the College of France, presented a brilliant synthesis of the history of Christianity. According to him, during the Middle Ages an abyss separated an elite minority, who adhered to a set of established religious practices, from the masses, who believed in magic and ignored...

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Chapter 2 A Saint for All Seasons: The Cult of San Julián

Sara T. Nalle

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pp. 25-50

While much of the focus of the Counter-Reformation was on the suppression of heterodoxy, enormous effort was also directed toward creating new cults that would carry forward the emerging Tridentine ethic. Particularly favored were cults that explicitly defended points of doctrine legitimating the religious regime that the Protestants hoped to overthrow. The Protestants cast doubt on the validity...

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Chapter 3 Religious Oratory in a Culture of Control

Gwendolyn Barnes-Karol

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pp. 51-77

The culture of Counter-Reformation Spain is often analyzed in terms of ideological control. Along these lines, literary and cultural historians usually highlight the religious, social, and political intimidation and repression of the Inquisition; the opulent fiestas and public festivals designed to inspire awe in spectators; and the propagandistic...

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Chapter 4 The Moriscos and Circumcision

Bernard Vincent

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pp. 78-92

In her study on the moriscos from Sigiienza and the Cuenca region, Mercedes Garcia Arenal, on the subject of circumcision, records the declaration of a morisco from Belmonte who appeared before the Inquisition in 1630. According to him, "all the moriscos of the kingdom of Valencia, about half from Aragon, and none from Andalucia and Castile were circumcised" (149). To what extent...

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Chapter 5 Aldermen and Judaizers: Cryptojudaism, Counter-Reformation, and Local Power

Jaime Contreras

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pp. 93-123

The year 1560 was a time both of loud public loyalties barely disguising clearly political motives and of forced silence. Those closest to the King openly asserted that in the new governmental program of Philip II, religious heterodoxy was to be viewed as social and political dissidence. They insisted that, for this reason, the Tribunal...

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Chapter 6 Magdalens and Jezebels in Counter-Reformation Spain

Mary Elizabeth Perry

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pp. 124-144

Guard your daughters "as dragons/' Juan de la Cerda exhorted parents in a book published in 1599, and teach them the obedience and modesty essential to female purity (242r). Few parents may have actually read the Franciscan as an expert in raising daughters, but his advice nonetheless reflected a widespread belief in Counter...

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Chapter 7 La bella malmaridada: Lessons for the Good Wife

Anne J. Cruz

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pp. 145-170

Cultured poetry has traditionally afforded contemporary society with paradigmatic attitudes toward relations between the sexes, mainly from the viewpoint of the male poet. From the medieval courtly love tradition to the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Golden Age sonnets, the conventional poetic voice has celebrated woman's...

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Chapter 8 Saint Teresa, Demonologist

Alison Weber

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pp. 171-195

Teresa of Jesus (1515-1582) believed in the existence of an army of malevolent beings battling ceaselessly for the souls of God's creatures. The Devil as well as lesser demons are omnipresent antagonists in her work; they inflict physical pain and spiritual anguish, sow dissension and envy within the convent, and strive constantly to obstruct and discredit her efforts to reform the Carmelite...

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Chapter 9 Woman as Source of "Evil" in Counter-Reformation Spain

Maria Helena Sanchez Ortega

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pp. 196-215

Since ancient times, woman has been the object of accusations that have essentially transformed her into the source of all suffering. Both classical and Judeo-Christian traditions associate her with the appearance of sudden illnesses, death, accidents, and even metaphysical malaise. Eve, Lilith, Delilah, Pandora, and Helen are names that immediately bring to mind the misfortunes befalling...

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Chapter 10 On the Concept of the Spanish Literary Baroque

John R. Beverley

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pp. 216-230

Like one of its major figures/ Janus —"el bifronte dios" in Gongora's exact characterization (one face peering perhaps at the sunset of feudalism, the other at the dawn of capitalism)— the Baroque has been seen an ambivalent phenomenon as has its "reception." The debate over its nature and value has been perennially on the agenda of modern European literary and cultural criticism, indeed...

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Afterword: The Subject of Control

Anthony J. Cascardi

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pp. 231-254

In a 1946 essay entitled "An Introduction to the Ideology of the Baroque in Spain," Stephen Gilman advanced the view that the artistic style characteristic of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries in Spain was the reflection of a series of doctrinal premises that had come into power beginning roughly with the Council...

Contributors

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pp. 255-258

Index

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pp. 259-267