Cover

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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright

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pp. i-ii

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Foreword

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pp. iii-iv

...Crass commercialism and conspicuous consumption interfere at times with gracious living. So long as communities, like individuals, are young, fresh, virile, and a little poor, what they are seems to speak in what they do and what they make. Then...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. v-vi

...The assembling of these photographs and data was made possible in large part by the objective and generous cooperation of many people both in and outside Red Wing. The factual material on the local history was gathered from the files of Red Wing...

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction to Red Wing

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pp. 1-11

...Wing have done a great deal of worrying about this problem and in recent years have instituted a number of well-organized investigations, like those of the American Association of University Women and the Association of Junior Leagues of...

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A Middlewestern City

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pp. 12-13

...Along the river, too, were the wharves, where so many of the immigrants landed as they poured in from the East and South to claim the rich farmlands beyond the bluffs to the west. Still lining the levee are some of the original warehouses and elevators, which continue to handle the vast stores of grain brought in from...

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The Community Facade

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pp. 14-15

...city's dramatically impressive façade as it appears to an incoming stranger: the sweeping curve of the railroad following the great river bend, the massive form of Barn Bluff on the south end, and the colorful, clean, and beautifully varied forms of the...

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Standard Styles of the Pioneers

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pp. 16-20

...Wing a contractor is often listed as an architect and vice versa. The builders followed standard designs, published in the form of carpenters' handbooks or builders' manuals, which they usually varied in accordance with local materials, individual requirements or tastes of the client...

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Group Housing, Old and Modern

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pp. 20-22

...The average man's home in Red Wing was built on individual contract according to standard designs that became largely a matter of builders' habit. Closer observation will reveal peculiarities of decorative detail, plan, and construction that are identical on many...

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Homes for Gracious Living

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pp. 22-26

...The homes of the more prominent citizens of Red Wing are easily distinguishable from those of the average family just described. Their architectural styles are not based on the standardized builders' manuals but are far more elaborate in size...

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Gothic in Wood and Stone

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pp. 26-29

...played a role equal in importance to that of education, government, and industry. Within the first two years of the city's establishment, no less than six religious denominations had organized themselves and were holding services in the community schoolroom...

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Church Architecture

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pp. 29-30

...This selection of important churches in Red Wing represents a development of style that is characteristic of religious architecture in almost every city in this Northwest area since the Civil War. The wooden meetinghouses of the first modest years were...

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School Architecture

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pp. 30-34

...A remarkable insight into the pioneer culture of early Red Wing is given by the fact that the same year, "1855, that saw the establishment of at least six religious organizations...

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Physical Culture Centers

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pp. 35-37

...The Turnverein is another institution that has now disappeared but that once played an important role in the cultural development of Red Wing. These Turner societies were...

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The Community Library

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pp. 37-39

...Of the many cultural institutions of Red Wing the library holds a central, and in many ways the most vital, position as fountain of the community's intellectual life. In the days...

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The Community Theater

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pp. 40-43

...To the citizens of Red Wing, Sheldon auditorium is not merely another motion picture house, but a symbol of the community's cultural aspirations that date back to the first decade of its history. In pioneer days the theater was as much a part of...

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Courthouse Architecture

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pp. 43-45

...roof, the taller and more prominent tower, and the raised foundation. In contrast to the regularly placed chimneys that serve stoves in individual rooms, as in the Hamline building, the chimneys here are placed closer together at the front and back to give a...

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Industrial Architecture

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pp. 45-48

...Compared to other types of architecture in Red Wing the industrial plants reveal a style that is purest in form, most genuine in functional purpose, and most progressive in development...

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Business Architecture

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pp. 48-60

...This choice of a dozen or more commercial buildings from the downtown business section of the city gives further insight into the community's cultural history. Unlike industrial...

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Window Display

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pp. 60-64

...The study of art in the commercial advertising of Red Wing, as in any other American community, is as complex as advertising itself—or, indeed, the entire science of merchandising. Ideas and techniques...

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Civic Enterprise

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pp. 64-67

...The subject of community art as an organized effort to beautify the city may be observed from several different viewpoints. During the early 1900's there was a very aggressive movement in that direction, with much the same aesthetic consciousness as was...

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Sculpture in Red Wing

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pp. 67-70

...The function of sculpture in the average community of this area is largely to serve as memorials to persons or ideals of the past and in so doing to provide some degree of communal...

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Art in Red Wing Pottery

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pp. 71-76

...first years of the town when, it will be remembered, George Wilkinson opened a brickyard in 1854 to manufacture building material for Hamline University. In the 1860's a farmer named John...

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The Artist in Red Wing

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pp. 76-85

...Painting is the most personal and human of all the visual arts. No matter how bad or good the artistic quality may be considered by succeeding generations, with their different standards of judgment, the fact is that painting offers the richest insight into the world...

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A Word of Comment

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pp. 85-88

...The foregoing illustrations and factual material are given as a report on the artistic resources of this community, and the means by which its citizens have exploited them during the ninety-odd years of its existence. As a report it is not intended...