In this Book

Reforming Intelligence
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summary
These days, it’s rare to pick up a newspaper and not see a story related to intelligence. From the investigations of the 9/11 commission, to accusations of illegal wiretapping, to debates on whether it’s acceptable to torture prisoners for information, intelligence—both accurate and not—is driving domestic and foreign policy. And yet, in part because of its inherently secretive nature, intelligence has received very little scholarly study. Into this void comes Reforming Intelligence, a timely collection of case studies written by intelligence experts, and sponsored by the Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR) at the Naval Postgraduate School, that collectively outline the best practices for intelligence services in the United States and other democratic states. Reforming Intelligence suggests that intelligence is best conceptualized as a subfield of civil-military relations, and is best compared through institutions. The authors examine intelligence practices in the United States, United Kingdom, and France, as well as such developing democracies as Brazil, Taiwan, Argentina, and Russia. While there is much more data related to established democracies, there are lessons to be learned from states that have created (or re-created) intelligence institutions in the contemporary political climate. In the end, reading about the successes of Brazil and Taiwan, the failures of Argentina and Russia, and the ongoing reforms in the United States yields a handful of hard truths. In the murky world of intelligence, that’s an unqualified achievement.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Foreword: Intelligence, Civil-Intelligence Relations, and Democracy
  2. pp. vii-xix
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xxi-xxii
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  1. Introduction: Intelligence Reform: Balancing Democracy and Effectiveness
  2. pp. 1-24
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  1. Part One: Challenges to Effective Intelligence in Modern Democracies
  2. p. 25
  1. One: Executive Privilege: Intelligence Oversight in the United States
  2. pp. 27-50
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  1. Two: Rethinking Judicial Oversight of Intelligence
  2. pp. 51-72
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  1. Three: U.S. Intelligence Prior to 9/11 and Obstacles to Reform
  2. pp. 73-95
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  1. Four: Keeping ‘‘Earthly Awkwardness’’: Failures of Intelligence in the United Kingdom
  2. pp. 96-120
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  1. Five: Cultural Legacies of French Intelligence
  2. pp. 121-146
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  1. Part Two: Democratic Control of Intelligence in New Democracies
  2. p. 147
  1. Six: Structural Change and Democratic Control of Intelligence in Brazil
  2. pp. 149-169
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  1. Seven: Taiwan’s Intelligence Reform in an Age of Democratization
  2. pp. 170-194
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  1. Eight: Establishing Democratic Control of Intelligence in Argentina
  2. pp. 195-218
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  1. Nine: Romania’s Transition To Democracy and the Role of the Press in Intelligence Reform
  2. pp. 219-240
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  1. Ten: Transforming Intelligence in South Africa
  2. pp. 241-268
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  1. Eleven: Terrorism’s Threat To New Democracies: The Case of Russia
  2. pp. 269-300
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  1. Twelve: Ethical and Moral Issues in Intelligence Reform: The Philippines
  2. pp. 301-330
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  1. Conclusion: Best Practices: Balancing Democracy and Effectiveness
  2. pp. 331-343
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  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 345-355
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  1. About the Contributors
  2. pp. 357-361
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 363-385
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