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Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World

Edited by Quinn Mecham and Julie Chernov Hwang

Publication Year: 2014

Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press


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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi

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Introduction: The Emergence and Development of Islamist Political Parties

Quinn Mecham and Julie Chernov Hwang

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pp. 1-16

In the wake of the Arab uprisings of 2011, Islamist political parties have emerged at the forefront of formal politics in a number of countries, including Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco. In Egypt, for example, which held the country’s freest ever electoral competition in 2011–2012, Islamist parties combined to win more than two-thirds of the parliamentary seats in an...

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1. Islamist Parties as Strategic Actors: Electoral Participation and Its Consequences

Quinn Mecham

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pp. 17-39

Islamists are participating in their political systems more than ever before. Whereas electoral participation by self-identified Islamist movements was rather novel in many parts of the Muslim world in the 1990s (with the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in Algeria, Islamic Action Front (IAF) in Jordan, or Islamic Renaissance Party (IRP) in Tajikistan providing major challenges...

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2. When Is Normalization Also Democratization? Islamist Political Parties, the Turkish Case, and the Future of Muslim Polities

Murat Somer

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pp. 40-57

What does normalization mean in an electoral democracy with considerable majoritarian and authoritarian characteristics? This chapter examines what we learn from the Turkish case regarding how Islamist political parties behave and sometimes become normalized in response to electoral, competitive politics as well as secularist constraints. I also explore what kinds...

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3. Patterns of Normalization: Islamist Parties in Indonesia

Julie Chernov Hwang

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pp. 58-83

Indonesia stands apart from the other countries examined in this book as arguably the most democratic. Since the fall of the authoritarian New Order regime in 1998, it has experienced three cycles of free and fair elections. Of the countries in this volume, only Indonesia was ranked by Freedom House as ‘‘Free.’’ In 2010, Freedom House gave Indonesia a...

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4. Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Reform, Reticence, and Realignments of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party

Joseph Chinyong Liow and Wenling Chan

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pp. 84-111

The Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS; Parti Islam Se Malaysia) has been somewhat of an enigma for scholars of Islamism and Muslim political movements. On the one hand, the party leadership remains steadfast in its insistence that its ultimate objective is the formation of an Islamic state in Malaysia, complete with shari’a and its attendant penal codes. Arguably, this...

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5. Searching for Political Normalization: The Party of Justice and Development in Morocco

Driss Maghraoui and Saloua Zerhouni

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pp. 112-133

While a number of countries in the Middle East have gone through major revolutions and social upheavals since 2011, the Moroccan regime, thanks to well-orchestrated constitutional reforms, has effectively managed to avoid some of the violent outcomes that characterized politics in other authoritarian regimes in the region. An important component of this outcome...

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6. Mapping the Terrain of Reform in Yemen: Islah over Two Decades

Stacey Philbrick Yadav

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pp. 134-155

In words that captured well the Yemeni Islah party’s trajectory over more than two decades, a member of the party’s consultative council once explained that the typical Islamist in Yemen ‘‘does not come in any one color, but is always open to change.’’1 The notion that Yemeni Islamists affiliated with Islah vary widely in their ideologies and methods has been...

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7. Islamist Parties, Elections, and Democracy in Bangladesh

Ali Riaz

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pp. 156-174

This chapter examines the performance of Islamist parties in elections over the past three decades and its implications for the future of democracy in Bangladesh, the world’s third most populous Muslim majority country. The chapter argues that the behavior of the Islamists in Bangladesh is different from the pattern suggested by the ‘‘inclusion-moderation’’ hypothesis, which...

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Conclusion: The New Dynamism of Islamist Parties

Quinn Mecham and Julie Chernov Hwang

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pp. 175-192

In the aftermath of newly democratic elections in both Egypt and Tunisia in 2011, which resulted in dramatic showings for the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (Al-Hurriya wa al-’Adala), Egypt’s Salafi Light (Al-Nour) Party, and the Tunisian Renaissance Party (Al-Nahda), interest in the behavior of Islamist parties has increased. Scholars...


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pp. 193-220

List of Contributors

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pp. 221-224


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pp. 225-230

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pp. 231-234

This volume has been several years in the making. The initial idea arose in the aftermath of an International Studies Association panel on Islamist parties in 2008 in San Francisco. We wanted to produce an edited volume on Islamist parties that was both theoretically grounded and comparatively useful for students of political Islam. We sought to emphasize the more...

E-ISBN-13: 9780812209723
E-ISBN-10: 0812209729
Print-ISBN-13: 9780812246056

Page Count: 248
Illustrations: 5 illus.
Publication Year: 2014

OCLC Number: 881781671
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Political parties -- Islamic countries.
  • Islam and politics.
  • Political participation -- Islamic countries.
  • Islamic countries -- Politics and government.
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