Demosthenes, Speeches 20-22
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: University of Texas Press
Series: The Oratory of Classical Greece
SERIES EDITOR’S PREFACE
This is the twelfth volume in a series of translations of The Oratory of Classical Greece. The aim of the series is to make available primarily for those who do not read Greek up-to-date, accurate, and readable translations with introductions and explanatory notes of all the surviving works and major fragments of the Attic orators of the classical ...
I would like to express my gratitude to several scholars who were kind enough to help me at various stages in the preparation of this book. Fred Naiden read over some early drafts of the translations, pointed out errors and omissions, and offered suggestions for improvement. At a later stage, Peter J. Rhodes scrutinized the introductions ...
SERIES INTRODUCTION: Greek Oratory
From as early as Homer (and undoubtedly much earlier) the Greeks placed a high value on effective speaking. Even Achilles, whose greatness was primarily established on the battlefield, was brought up to be “a speaker of words and a doer of deeds” (Iliad 9.443); and Athenian leaders of the sixth and fifth centuries,1 such as Solon, Themistocles, ...
INTRODUCTION TO DEMOSTHENES
Since antiquity Demosthenes (384–322 BC) has usually been judged the greatest of the Attic orators. Although the patriotic and nationalistic tenor of his message has been more highly regarded in some periods of history than in others, he is unique in his mastery of so many different rhetorical styles and his ability to blend them into a powerful ensemble. ...
INTRODUCTION TO THIS VOLUME
The three speeches in this volume were delivered at trials during the decade following the Social War (357–355 BCE). This period marked an important transition in the history of Athenian democracy. Earlier in the fourth century the Athenians attempted to regain the hegemony that they had lost by their defeat in the Peloponnesian War.1 In 378 the ...
20. Against Leptines
The Athenians assigned many public duties called liturgies to wealthy citizens and metics (resident aliens). These were divided into military (e.g., the trierarchy) and festival liturgies. The festival liturgies were quite numerous: there were normally over 97 every year, but this number could rise to over 118 once every four years when ...
21. Against Meidias
Meidias, the defendant in this case, was born around 395 or later1 and came from a wealthy family; his father Cephisodorus served as trierarch.2 Meidias made enough money from mining in Attica (see 167) to perform liturgies (151, 156), to qualify for inclusion among the Three Hundred in the naval symmories (157), and to donate a trireme ...
22. Against Androtion
Androtion was a wealthy Athenian who was active in politics.1 His father Andron was associated with prominent intellectuals in the late fifth century2 and may have played a role in the Revolution of 411.3 Two sources make Androtion a student of the orator Isocrates,4 but in his Antidosis, Isocrates (15.93–94) does not list him among his pupils.5...
BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR THIS VOLUME