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Since the early 1990s, federal transportation laws have slowly started to level the playing field between highway and alternative transportation strategies, as well as between older and newer communities. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century made substantial changes in transportation practices. These laws devolved greater responsibility for planning and implementation to urban development organizations and introduced more flexibility in the spending of federal highway and transit funds. They also created a series of special programs to carry out important national objectives, and they tightened the linkages between transportation spending and issues such as metropolitan air quality. Taking the High Road examines the most pressing transportation challenges facing American cities, suburbs, and metropolitan areas. The authors focus on the central issues in the ongoing debate and deliberations about the nation's transportation policy. They go beyond the federal debate, however, to lay out an agenda for reform that responds directly to those responsible for putting these policies into practice—leaders at the state, metropolitan, and local levels. This book presents public officials with options for reform. Hoping to build upon the progress and momentum of earlier transportation laws, it ensures a better understanding of the problems and provides policymakers, journalists, and the public with a comprehensive guide to the numerous issues that must be addressed. Topics include • A wide-ranging policy framework that addresses the reauthorization debate • An examination of transportation finance and how it affects cities and suburbs • An analysis of metropolitan decisionmaking in transportation • The challenges of transportation access for working families and the elderly • The problems of increasing traffic congestion and the lack of adequate alternatives Contributors include Scott Bernstein (Center for Neighborhood Technology), Edward Biemborn (University of Wisconsin), Evelyn Blumenberg (UCLA), John Brennan (Cleveland State University), Anthony Downs (Brookings), Billie K. Geyer (Cleveland State), Edward W. Hill (Cleveland State), Arnold Howitt (Harvard University), Kevin E. O'Brien (Cleveland State), Ryan Prince (Brookings), Claudette Robey (Cleveland State), Sandra Rosenbloom (University of Arizona), Thomas Sanchez (Virginia Tech), Martin Wachs (University of California, Berkeley), and Margy Waller (Brookings).

Table of Contents

  1. Front Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. p. ix
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  1. PART ONE: A Metropolitan Agenda for Transportation
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. Chapter 1. Transportation Reform for the Twenty-First Century: An Overview
  2. Bruce Katz and Robert Puentes
  3. pp. 3-14
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  1. Chapter 2. Getting Transportation Right for Metropolitan America
  2. Bruce Katz, Robert Puentes, Scott Bernstein
  3. pp. 15-42
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  1. PART TWO: Financing the Transportation System
  2. pp. 43-44
  1. Chapter 3. Fueling Transportation Finance: A Primer on the Gas Tax
  2. pp. 45-76
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  1. Chapter 4. Improving Efficiency and Equity in Transportation Finance
  2. Martin Wachs
  3. pp. 77-100
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  1. Chapter 5. Slanted Pavement: How Ohio's Highway Spending Shortchanges Cities and Suburbs
  2. Edward Hill, Billie Geyer, Robert Puentes, Kevin O’Brien, Claudette Robey, John Brennan
  3. pp. 101-136
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  1. PART THREE: Getting the Geography of Transportation Right
  2. pp. 137-138
  1. Chapter 6. Increasing Funding and Accountability for Metropolitan Transportation Decisions
  2. Robert Puentes, Linda Bailey
  3. pp. 139-168
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  1. Chapter 7. The Need for Regional Anticongestion Policies
  2. Anthony Downs, Robert Puentes
  3. pp. 169-194
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  1. PART FOUR: Meeting Societal Needs in Transportation
  2. pp. 195-196
  1. Chapter 8. The Long Journey to Work: A Federal Transportation Policy for Working Families
  2. Evelyn Blumenberg, Margy Waller
  3. pp. 197-226
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  1. Chapter 9. The Mobility Needs of Older Americans: Implications for Transportation Reauthorization
  2. Sandra Rosenbloom
  3. pp. 227-254
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  1. PART FIVE: Other Important Metropolitan Transportation Issues
  2. pp. 255-256
  1. Chapter 10. Highways and Transit: Leveling the Playing Field in Federal Transportation Policy
  2. Edward Beimborn, Robert Puentes
  3. pp. 257-286
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  1. Chapter 11. Protecting America's Highways and Transit Systems against Terrorism
  2. Arnold Howitt, Jonathan Makler
  3. pp. 287-314
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 315-316
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 317-334
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