Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

read more

Introduction: The Most Unaccountable Country and Inhabitants in the World

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-10

During the summer of 1761, Colonel Henry Bouquet took measure of his surroundings. The son of a prosperous innkeeper from the town of Rolle, near Lake Geneva in Switzerland, the forty-two-year-old professional soldier had led an interesting life. At age seventeen, Bouquet enlisted...

Part I: Competition

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-12

read more

1. Provinces Will Be Jealous of One Another

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-34

In the early 1740s, a Pennsylvania fur trader named Thomas Kinton observed a curious ritual during a visit to a Delaware Indian village near the intersection of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers. Kinton watched in amazement as the village’s inhabitants gathered around a rat that they had...

read more

2. Great Application, Many Arguments, and Much Difficulty

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 35-54

Prior to 1750, neither Pennsylvanians nor Virginians were able to achieve a meaningful advantage in the struggle to assert authority over the Ohio forks. In Pennsylvania, Richard Peters and proprietor Thomas Penn formed a loose expansionist faction that sought to press the colony’s claims to the region...

read more

3. War Against the English

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 55-78

Following Washington’s defeat at Fort Necessity, the contest for the Ohio forks changed dramatically. Prior to 1754, the competitive nature of westward colonial expansion shaped the contest for the region in both Pennsylvania and Virginia, as proprietors, provincial officials, land speculators, and Indian traders all asserted claims to the Ohio forks and jockeyed...

Part II: Regulation

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 79-80

read more

4. Quiet and Peaceable Possession?

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 81-103

News of Fort Duquesne’s destruction reached Philadelphia in mid- December 1758, sparking public celebrations and an outpouring of relief and joy. “Blessed be God, the long looked for day is arrived,” trumpeted the Pennsylvania Gazette, the colony’s leading newspaper. After nearly four...

read more

5. Shadows of Law and Justice

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 104-132

In 1760, Colonel William Clapham, like many migrants, had come across the Forbes Road after the fall of Fort Duquesne seeking to carve out a new life in the lands surrounding the Ohio forks. A former commander of the Pennsylvania regiment during the war, Clapham entered into a partnership...

read more

6. A Spirit of Hostility

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 133-166

The Treaty of Fort Stanwix did not resolve the contest for control of Pittsburgh and the surrounding settlements. Instead, the incorporation of the region into the colonies set off a free-for-all marked by self-interest and greed. No civilian government existed at Pittsburgh when the Treaty of Fort...

Part III: Revolution

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 167-168

read more

7. A Party Spirit Prevails

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 169-193

The American Revolution manifested itself differently along the frontier than it did in the eastern portions of the colonies. The issues that motivated protests and riots in Boston, Philadelphia, and Williamsburg were far removed from Pittsburgh and seemed mostly unimportant to local residents...

read more

8. A Bad Character of Quarrelling

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 194-220

For the population of the western Pennsylvania frontier, the American Revolution was an Indian war. Although the Continental Congress established a western military department at Pittsburgh and dispatched military commanders and Indian agents to exercise authority at Fort Pitt, defense...

read more

9. Mutual Distrust and Jealousy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 221-251

The last years of the Revolutionary War on the western Pennsylvania frontier were the most chaotic and contentious. The continued inability of either the local population or the Continental Army to bring stability to the war-torn settlements around Pittsburgh remained a critical point of contention...

read more

10. The Ends of the American Earth

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 252-272

Late in 1781, William Irvine received a petition signed by 105 “inhabitants of the western country.” The petitioners, who included a cross-section of Washington County landowners and squatters, militia captains and volunteers, and even the former Continental Army chaplain at Fort Pitt, expressed...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 273-313

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 314-327

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 328-338