Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Table of Contents

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pp. v-vii

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Translator’s Note

Ferdinanda Van Gennip

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p. ix

A few points of clarification regarding the style and terminology used in this book may be useful. While the lack of inclusive language may offend some, it was felt that in a work of historiography such as this, it would be too jarring to translate, for example, les hommes as “men and women...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

In 2004, when this book was originally published, the historiographical debates surrounding the ideology of Abbé Lionel Groulx (1878–1967) were once again heating up. As French Canada’s most influential nationalist intellectual from the 1920s to the 1950s, the interest Groulx has elicited over...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-11

“The dominant fact about French life in America, during the past century, is without a doubt that it became dispersed. French Canada can no longer be defined as a geographical expression limited by the borders of Québec.”1 Those were the parameters used by Lionel Groulx...

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Chapter One. The French Minorities in the Work and Thought of Lionel Groulx: The Blind Spot of Historians of French-Canadian Nationalism

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pp. 13-50

The French-Canadian national identity issue is one that historians rarely seem to tire of. There is in our historiography—from François-Xavier Garneau to Gérard Bouchard, including Fernand Dumont and, of course, Lionel Groulx—a tradition which, despite different...

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Chapter Two. The French Minorities, Remnant of an Empire: French Canada, Its Apostolic Vocation and Founding Mission

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pp. 51-94

We have observed, in the preceding chapter, that the vast majority of historians of French-Canadian nationalism and of Lionel Groulx’s thought tend to ignore the issue of the French minorities. The theory of “provincialism,” first proposed in the 1950s, has only in the last twenty years...

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Chapter Three. Québec and Its Relationship to the French Minorities: The Ties That Bind

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pp. 95-131

Lionel Groulx regarded the French-Canadian nation as an organic entity or a “being” whose emergence, willed by Providence, dated back to the era of New France. As such, the national organism continued to evolve, grow and develop. Groulx’s view was that the English...

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Chapter Four. The Franco-Ontarians and Regulation 17: The Awakening of the Nation The Awakening of the Nation

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pp. 133-178

The Regulation 17 crisis (1912–1927) is considered even today as a foundational event for the Franco-Ontarian1 identity. In fact, it was during those years of conflict that some of the most important Franco-Ontarian institutions were born, the Association canadienne-française d’éducation...

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Chapter Five. The French Minorities and the “French State”: The Indépendantiste Theory During the Interwar Period

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pp. 179-208

To what extent did Abbé Groulx contribute to pushing the French-Canadian nationalist movement toward indépendantisme or, at least, a more territorial version of nationalism that limited itself to Québec and excluded the French minorities in the other provinces? The minorities, as we have demonstrated...

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Chapter Six. From the Second World War to the Quiet Revolution: Lionel Groulx, the French Minorities and Québécois Neo‑Nationalism (1945–1967)

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pp. 209-250

Historians of French Canada generally consider the postwar years as a period of extraordinary transformation. Impelled by the young intellectuals of the 1940s and 1950s, the nationalist movement sought to “modernize” the French-Canadian nation. It wanted to see the nation reconciled...

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Conclusion

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pp. 251-258

The political and ideological upheavals of the postwar period and the Quiet Revolution in Quebec, provoked a mixed reaction from Lionel Groulx. On the one hand, he applauded the ever-increasing numbers in the French-Canadian political class supporting nationalism (especially...

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 259-270

Index

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pp. 271-277