In this Book

Freshwater Passages
summary

Peter Pond, a fur trader, explorer, and amateur mapmaker, spent his life ranging much farther afield than Milford, Connecticut, where he was born and died (1740–1807). He traded around the Great Lakes, on the Mississippi and the Minnesota Rivers, and in the Canadian Northwest and is also well known as a partner in Montreal’s North West Company and as mentor to Alexander Mackenzie, who journeyed down the Mackenzie River to the Arctic Sea. Knowing eighteenth-century North America on a scale that few others did, Pond drew some of the earliest maps of western Canada.

 

In this meticulous biography, David Chapin presents Pond’s life as part of a generation of traders who came of age between the Seven Years’ War and the American Revolution. Pond’s encounters with a plethora of distinct Native cultures over the course of his career shaped his life and defined his career. Whereas previous studies have caricatured Pond as quarrelsome and explosive, Chapin presents him as an intellectually curious, proud, talented, and ambitious man, living in a world that could often be quite violent. Chapin draws together a wide range of sources and information in presenting a deeper, more multidimensional portrait and understanding of Pond than hitherto has been available.

 

 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Maps
  2. p. vii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. A Note on Maps
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Introduction: The Methye Portage
  2. pp. 1-9
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  1. 1. Provincial Soldier
  2. pp. 10-30
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  1. 2. A Connecticut Yankee’s Pathway to Detroit
  2. pp. 31-50
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  1. 3. The Great Lakes Trade
  2. pp. 51-67
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  1. 4. Imagining and Exploring a Continent
  2. pp. 68-84
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  1. 5. Mississippi Trader
  2. pp. 85-115
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  1. 6. Partners and Rivals
  2. pp. 116-139
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  1. 7. Saskatchewan River Trader
  2. pp. 140-155
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  1. 8. North to Athabasca
  2. pp. 156-170
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  1. 9. Back East
  2. pp. 171-186
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  1. 10. The Churchill River and Athabasca, 1781–1784
  2. pp. 187-206
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  1. 11. Observing the Northwest
  2. pp. 207-220
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  1. 12. Voyages, Schemes, and Petitions
  2. pp. 221-245
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  1. 13. Athabasca, 1785–1788
  2. pp. 246-272
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  1. 14. Final Explorations
  2. pp. 273-288
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  1. 15. Return
  2. pp. 289-302
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  1. 16. A New World
  2. pp. 303-314
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. 315-316
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 317-342
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 343-354
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 355-367
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