Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page/Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xvii

List of Tables

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xix-xxii

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xxiii-xxv

We are most grateful that the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded our 1999 fieldwork. The Instituto Nacional de Antropolog

read more

1. Regional Study of Ancient Societies in the Mixteca Alta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-27

The Mixteca Alta in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, was an important region in the center of Mesoamerica (Figure 1.1). But compared to the better-known Maya lowlands and the Aztec heartland, the Mixteca Alta has received much less archaeological attention. This was a magnificent land with wonderful archaeological sites. The Spanish conquerors in the sixteenth century described it as...

read more

2. The Western Nochixtl

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 29-80

Today and in the past the well-watered hills and small valleys on the western side of the Nochixtl

read more

3. Greater Teposcolula

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 81-156

Greater Teposcolula is like a solar system: a Sun—the Teposcolula Valley itself— and six planets held in its gravity. The subordinate ñuu (the planets) are Nuñu, Yodobada, Yucunama, Lagunas, Yolomécatl, and Nduayaco. Here, even better than with the area covered in the previous chapter, we can see how subregions were linked together to form larger aggregations, yuhuitaiyu as they were known in the sixteenth...

read more

4. Greater Huamelulpan

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-181

The three valleys described in this chapter—Yucuxaco, Huamelulpan, and Tayata— are crucial to understanding the rise of urbanism and the state in the Mixteca Alta. A large part of this area was surveyed in 1994–1995 (Balkansky 1998b) and we did more in 1999. All of these results are drawn together in this chapter. Balkansky has begun a more intensive investigation of Tayata that will add much more to what is...

read more

5. The Inner Basin

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 183-254

Between the Sierra de Nochixtl

read more

6. Greater Tlaxiaco

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 255-284

The Tlaxiaco Valley is an important place: head of a Mixtec yuhuitaiyu, center of an Aztec tributary province, and Colonial and recent commercial, political, and ecclesiastical seat. It has somewhat limited land for agriculture but it is well watered and it lies at the juncture of major corridors for interregional exchange. The first section of this chapter describes the Tlaxiaco core (the valley itself ) and the...

read more

7. The Polities of the Early and Middle Formative

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 285-295

The evidence for Archaic period populations in the Mixteca Alta is intriguing but too fragmentary for us to put together a picture of social life. Little is known about the transition between Archaic and sedentary social systems, and the question of continuity between Archaic and Early Cruz remains completely open. For the Early and Middle Formative our survey found settlement clusters made up of large...

read more

8. The Emergence of Urbanism and the State

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 297-304

The first cities in the Mixteca Alta arose during Ramos, the Late and Terminal Formative. We think that the complex, hierarchical institution of the state was in place by the end of the period. The Middle Formative polities (Chapter 7) did not simply grow larger and become the

read more

9. The Classic

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 305-314

After the time of regional abandonment, consolidation, and organizational development, Las Flores was the time of the “break out,” the re-population of the abandoned areas, expansion into new places, and demographic growth (Figure 9.1, Table 9.1). The expansion took place with the organizational framework developed in Late Ramos. Compared to Late Cruz and Early Ramos, Las Flores society was more...

read more

10. The Postclassic

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 315-329

In the Late Postclassic the Mixteca Alta was one of Mesoamerica’s largest, wealthiest economies. Settlement and population increased to levels not seen before or since. The patterns of hierarchy and integration reconstructed from the archaeological data are similar to the cacicazgos described in the sixteenth...

read more

11. The

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 331-349

Thus far our discussion has been involved with the particulars of the Mixteca Alta. Here we place the archaeological results into a more general Mesoamerican and comparative perspective. In this final chapter we reach five major conclusions. These concern the method of archaeological survey, the societies of the Formative period, the nature of the state, episodes of decline and abandonment, and a form of...

12. Resumen en Espa

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 351-358

Appendix One: Ceramic Chronology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 359-385

Appendix Two: Flaked and Ground Stone

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 387-394

References Cited

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 395-406

Tables

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 407-499

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 501-516