In this Book

summary

This book provides a first synthetic view of an emerging area of ecology and biogeography, linking individual- and population-level processes to geographic distributions and biodiversity patterns. Problems in evolutionary ecology, macroecology, and biogeography are illuminated by this integrative view. The book focuses on correlative approaches known as ecological niche modeling, species distribution modeling, or habitat suitability modeling, which use associations between known occurrences of species and environmental variables to identify environmental conditions under which populations can be maintained. The spatial distribution of environments suitable for the species can then be estimated: a potential distribution for the species. This approach has broad applicability to ecology, evolution, biogeography, and conservation biology, as well as to understanding the geographic potential of invasive species and infectious diseases, and the biological implications of climate change.

The authors lay out conceptual foundations and general principles for understanding and interpreting species distributions with respect to geography and environment. Focus is on development of niche models. While serving as a guide for students and researchers, the book also provides a theoretical framework to support future progress in the field.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. 1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-4
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  1. Part I: Theory
  2. pp. 5-5
  1. 2. Concepts of Niches
  2. pp. 7-22
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  1. 3. Niches and Geographic Distributions
  2. pp. 23-47
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  1. Part II: Practice
  2. pp. 49-49
  1. 4. Niches and Distributions in Practice: Overview
  2. pp. 51-61
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  1. 5. Species’ Occurrence Data
  2. pp. 62-81
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  1. 6. Environmental Data
  2. pp. 82-96
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  1. 7. Modeling Ecological Niches
  2. pp. 97-137
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  1. 8. From Niches to Distributions
  2. pp. 138-149
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  1. 9: Evaluating Model Performance and Significance
  2. pp. 150-181
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  1. Part III: Applications
  2. pp. 183-183
  1. 10. Introduction to Applications
  2. pp. 185-188
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  1. 11. Discovering Biodiversity
  2. pp. 189-199
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  1. 12. Conservation Planning and Climate Change Effects
  2. pp. 200-214
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  1. 13. Species’ Invasions
  2. pp. 215-225
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  1. 14. The Geography of Disease Transmission
  2. pp. 226-237
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  1. 15. Linking Niches with Evolutionary Processes
  2. pp. 238-255
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  1. 16. Conclusions
  2. pp. 256-257
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  1. Appendices
  2. pp. 259-259
  1. Appendix A: Glossary of Symbols Used
  2. pp. 261-265
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  1. Appendix B: Set Theory for G-and E-Space
  2. pp. 266-267
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 269-280
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 281-314
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781400840670
Print ISBN
9780691136882
MARC Record
OCLC
761318478
Pages
328
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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