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New Armies from Old
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summary

Negotiating a peaceful end to civil wars, which often includes an attempt to bring together former rival military or insurgent factions into a new national army, has been a frequent goal of conflict resolution practitioners since the Cold War. In practice, however, very little is known about what works, and what doesn't work, in bringing together former opponents to build a lasting peace.

Contributors to this volume assess why some civil wars result in successful military integration while others dissolve into further strife, factionalism, and even of renewed civil war. Eleven cases are studied in detail -- Sudan, Zimbabwe, Lebanon, Rwanda, the Philippines, South Africa, Mozambique, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Burundi -- while other chapters compare military integration with corporate mergers and discuss some of the hidden costs and risks of merging military forces. New Armies from Old fills a serious gap in our understanding of civil wars, their possible resolution, and how to promote lasting peace, and will be of interest to scholars and students of conflict resolution, international affairs, and peace and security studies.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Foreword
  2. Bruce Russett
  3. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. A Note on Abbreviations
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. 1 Introduction
  2. Roy Licklider
  3. pp. 1-12
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  1. 2 Mixed Motives? Explaining the Decision to Integrate Militaries at Civil War’s End
  2. Caroline A. Hartzell
  3. pp. 13-28
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  1. PART I: Early Adopters
  2. pp. 29-30
  1. 3 Sudan, 1972-1983
  2. Matthew LeRiche
  3. pp. 31-48
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  1. 4 Military Integration from Rhodesia to Zimbabwe
  2. Paul Jackson
  3. pp. 49-68
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  1. 5 Merging Militaries: The Lebanese Case
  2. Florence Gaub
  3. pp. 69-84
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  1. PART II: Autonomous Development
  2. pp. 85-86
  1. 6 From Failed Power Sharing in Rwanda to Successful Top-down Military Integration
  2. Stephen Burgess
  3. pp. 87-102
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  1. 7 From Rebels to Soldiers: An Analysis of the Philippine Policy of Integrating Former Moro National Liberation Front Combatants into the Armed Forces
  2. Rosalie Arcala Hall
  3. pp. 103-118
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  1. 8 South Africa
  2. Roy Licklider
  3. pp. 119-134
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  1. PART III: International Involvement
  2. pp. 135-136
  1. 9 Half-Brewed: The Lukewarm Results of Creating an Integrated Military in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  2. Judith Verweijen
  3. pp. 137-162
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  1. 10 Merging Militaries: Mozambique
  2. Andrea Bartoli and Martha Mutisi
  3. pp. 163-178
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  1. 11 Bosnia-Herzegovina: From Three Armies to One
  2. Rohan Maxwell
  3. pp. 179-194
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  1. 12 Bringing the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Republic of Sierra Leone's Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement
  2. Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs
  3. pp. 195-212
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  1. 13 Military Integration in Burundi, 2000–2006
  2. Cyrus Samii
  3. pp. 213-228
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  1. PART IV: Alternative Perspectives
  2. pp. 229-230
  1. 14 The Industrial Organization of Merged Armies
  2. David D. Laitin
  3. pp. 231-244
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  1. 15 Military Dis-Integration: Canary in the Coal Mine?
  2. Ronald R. Krebs
  3. pp. 245-258
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  1. 16 So What?
  2. Roy Licklider
  3. pp. 259-268
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  1. References
  2. pp. 269-292
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 293-296
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 297-320
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