Cover

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Series Info, Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-xii

As I departed for the last time from the Togean Islands of Central Sulawesi, in August of 1997, the sun was blood red and the horizon enveloped by a smoky haze. Indonesia was burning. It was the dry season, but this would be like no dry season ever before. ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xvi

The journey required to research and write a book such as this is always multisited, and entails a proliferation of debts of gratitude. First and foremost I wish to acknowledge the many Indonesian people who made this work possible. ...

List of Abbreviations

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pp. xvii-xviii

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Introduction: Between the Human and the Wild Profusion

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pp. 1-26

In April of 1996, I hiked through the upland forest that runs along the narrow central crest of Malenge Island with two biologists from Jakarta, Yakup and Budi, and with Pak Ahmad, a local ranger hired by the scientists to work at their research station, Camp Uemata.1 ...

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Part One: Diversity as Milieu

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pp. 27-32

In retrospect, Indonesians were rethinking diversity in relation to both nature and nation during the waning Suharto years. On the one hand, national norms for nature and its uses were being called into question. Were Indonesia’s trees and minerals to be a resource for logging and mining and other forms of elite national development, ...

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Chapter One: Making the Monkey

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pp. 33-52

Togean Island biodiversity was not at all self-evident in the beginning of the 1990s. Nor was the archipelago’s appropriateness as a new national park. In order for the Togean landscape to move from “poor in representatives” (as it was in 1865) to “rich in biodiversity” (which, by the mid- 1990s, it had become), ...

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Chapter Two: The Social Turn

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pp. 53-74

At Camp Uemata I met a scientist named Laksmi, an IFABS biologist who maintained a strong interest in Togean people and who was concerned with how regimes of conservation and development could become coercive. Similar to the way many anthropologists have been attracted to their field, ...

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Part Two: Togean Cosmopolitics

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pp. 75-80

Through the idea of global nature-at-risk, biodiversity entails a cosmopolitan imagining of community beyond the nation or region in which any given instance of species uniqueness or diversity is found. For Indonesian scientists deeply committed to the idea of the nation, rather than subverting the idea of “Indonesia,” ...

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Chapter Three: Extraterrestrial Others

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pp. 81-105

Sama People, in 1990s Indonesia, were imagined as extraterrestrial others: both living beyond the land and alien. They were called Indonesia’s “floating peoples” (suku terapung) and were seen as one of many “alien ethnicities” (suku terasing) scattered across Indonesia’s far-flung hinterlands. Representations of Sama identity emerged within the ambit of two ethnographic facts. ...

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Chapter Four: On the (Bio)logics of Species and Bodies

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pp. 106-128

As I was standing in the doorway to Puah Marsipe’s house one day, her son Udin fell to the ground in front of me. Udin’s body began to jerk, his arms flailed, and his head rolled from side to side. His trance immediately brought on a dense crowd of concerned relatives and onlookers, ...

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Part Three: Integrating Conservation and Development

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pp. 129-134

The Integrated Conservation and Development Program (ICDP) was a particular solution to the problem of nature and the human that operated at a global scale within 1990s biodiversity conservation. The idea of integrating conservation with programs of economic development was based upon two premises: ...

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Chapter Five: Fishing with Cyanide

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pp. 135-153

On only my third day in Susunang, in January of 1996, I witnessed a major event in the history of Togean cyanide fishing, one of the methods of fishing that most concerned conservationists. Walking through the village that day I encountered several men arguing over some jerry cans and stopped to see what the ruckus was about. ...

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Chapter Six: The Sleep of Reason

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pp. 154-166

On October 19, 2004, after more than a decade of species inventory, ecotourism initiatives, and social surveys, the efforts of the IFABS scientists finally bore fruit and the Minister of Forestry issued a decree (GOI 2004a) establishing the Togean Islands National Park (Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean). ...

Appendix: Scientific, Military, and Commercial Explorations in the Togean Islands and Vicinity: 1680–1999

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pp. 167-170

Notes

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pp. 171-180

References

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pp. 181-192

Index

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pp. 193-196