Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-ix

The aim of this book is to explore the potential of neural network models to explain animal behavior at the motivational, ontogenetic and evolutionary levels. Our focus is on understanding behavior based on principles of operation of nervous systems. Ethology, psychology and behavioral ecology have produced a large body of theory...

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Chapter 1. Understanding Animal Behavior

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pp. 1-29

The subject of this book is animal behavior. What is animal behavior, and what does it mean to understand animal behavior? As we shall see in this chapter, there are several answers to these questions, depending on research tradition and what one intends to understand. At the same time, different theories...

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Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Neural Network Models

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pp. 31-65

This chapter contains a technical presentation of neural network models and of how they are rooted in neurophysiology. The aim is to provide the reader with a basic understanding of how neural network models work and how to build them. We begin with basic concepts of neurophysiology, which...

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Chapter 3. Mechanisms of Behavior

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pp. 67-127

This chapter presents neural network models of short term and reversible changes in behavior (traditionally referred to as motivation). The topics covered include reactions to stimuli, making decisions and the control of movement. In our terminology, these are properties of a given behavior map...

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Chapter 4. Learning and Ontogeny

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pp. 129-172

This chapter deals with the ontogeny, or development, of behavior. Many factors and processes interact in behavioral development. Particularly important are those that create the nervous system and those that govern learning. The latter are here given special attention owing to their importance for behavior...

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Chapter 5. Evolution

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pp. 173-204

In this chapter we tackle the evolution of behavior and nervous systems. All multicellular animals, with a few exceptions, have a nervous system. Phylogenetic studies suggest a single origin, which consequently must date back more than 500 million years. The nervous system offers an all-purpose machinery...

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Chapter 6. Conclusions

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pp. 205-218

In this book we have explored the potential of neural networks to model behavior. The results suggest that neural networks can model behavior systems in all their parts, reproducing a wide range of behavioral phenomena. Figure 6.1 provides a summarizing sketch of a simple but complete model...

Bibliography

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pp. 219-248

Index

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pp. 249-253