New Netherland Connections
Intimate Networks and Atlantic Ties in Seventeenth-Century America
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Abbreviations and Short Titles
Over the years, translators have struggled with how to render the terms New Netherlanders used for Native Americans. Nineteenth-century translators gave the most common term, “wilden,” as “savages,” since both words share a connection with wildness and are not reserved geographically for the people of the Americas...
In 1657, Johannes Vermeer reinterpreted the common Dutch visual image of the girl with a suitor in his Officer and a Laughing Girl. He placed a young woman, bathed in the pure light of an open window, at a table with a man, who appears largely in dark silhouette...
In February 1657, the year Johannes Vermeer captured the Dutch empire on canvas, the small Dutch colony on the mid- Atlantic coast of North America found cause to rejoice. New Netherland, as the colony later renamed New York was then known, was doing surprisingly well...
1. “Goods, Wares, and Merchandise” Amsterdam’s Intimate Atlantic
In 1619, an Amsterdam woman carefully packed a sea chest. Marritgen Wouters folded shirts and stockings, smoothed down pillows, and counted out coins into a sack. Her husband, Skipper Hendrick Christiaensz, stood ready to depart on the ship Swarte Beer, or Black Bear, for a journey to America...
2. “She Is Now Already at Sea” Extending Ties, Creating Empire
On March 30, 1663, the ship Roseboom, under Skipper Pieter Reyersen, set sail from Texel on a return voyage to Manhattan in the company of the ship Hoop. They set out with 125 souls aboard, but the very first day they had to unload the body of “a woman . . . who had died in Texel.”...
3. “Not Altogether Brotherly” Elusive Intimacy between Natives and Newcomers
As many of the travelers sailing the Atlantic on Dutch ships clambered ashore in the Hudson Valley, they faced a new world and a new set of challenges. If Janneken Jans van Leeuwarden and her contemporaries were to survive — if they were to do better than that and actually profit from their colonial ventures — they would have to determine what kinds of relationships they needed and wanted with the people who were already there...
4. “To Be Together with One Another” Creating an African Community
Just as human relationships shaped transatlantic and regional networks, they also shaped networks within the colony. These networks created community, determined people’s economic position, and undergirded social hierarchies and inequalities...
5. “The Almost-Sinking Ship of New Netherland” Personal Networks and Regional Power
In late summer 1664, rumors began to swirl throughout the greater Hudson Valley. They spread from neighbor to neighbor, among Native villagers, English townspeople, black farmers, and Dutch burghers: dramatic change, perhaps violent change, was at hand for everyone. Gathering at City Hall one Saturday morning near the end of August, New Amsterdam’s burgermeesteren en schepenen, or municipal council leaders, decided these persistent whispers and murmurs could no longer be ignored...
The last months of 1664 were a dark time in the Netherlands. The country and the WIC faced the depredations of what would become the Second Anglo-Dutch War, including the capitulation of New Netherland. Plague ran rampant in the cities...
Page Count: 344
Illustrations: 6 halftones, 1 map
Publication Year: 2014
Series Title: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia
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