The Age of Youth in Argentina
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
In September 1966, the weekly magazine Confirmado published a long “report on youth” to explore whether or not a “unified youth consciousness and experience” had spread in Argentina like, the reporter posited, it had in postwar Europe. The answer was not conclusive. On the one hand, the reporter claimed that “only by fantasizing could one view a link between Rubén, twenty-five, a construction worker who migrated from Santiago del Estero to the Greater Buenos Aires area, and Ricardo, twentyone, an entrepreneur from downtown Buenos Aires.”...
1. Carving Out a Place for Youth
In 1962, in an article published by the journal of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA), psychiatrist Telma Reca noted the rising interest in youth developed within “the journalistic, scientific, and cinematographic milieus.” While observing that mounting interest, she concluded that in Argentina “everybody is talking about youth; everybody has something to say.”1...
2. The World of the Students
Increasing numbers of youths between thirteen and twenty-four years of age gained access to secondary schools and universities in the 1950s and 1960s. The vast matriculation of newcomers in the education system signaled the most basic dimension of the sociocultural modernization Argentines lived through: a porous and accelerated dynamic that held the schools and colleges as privileged sites...
3. Surfing the New Wave
In February of 1963, Argentina’s oldest women’s magazine, Para Ti, published a test for its readers to determine whether they belonged to the nueva ola, or “new wave.” The test asked the readers, among other questions, whether they preferred dancing to the twist and listening to rock more than other musical styles, going out in peer groups rather than with just a couple of friends, and wearing blue jeans and sweaters instead of skirts and blouses...
4. She’s Leaving Home
On May 29, 1962, Norma Penjerek, age seventeen, left her apartment in a traditional lower-middle-class neighborhood in Buenos Aires to attend a private English class. Her class ended at 7:30 p.m., yet she never came home. On June 1, her parents filed a missing-persons report. In mid-July, forensic tests confirmed their worst fears: a body found in the outskirts of Buenos Aires was identified as hers...
5. A Fraternity of Long-Haired Boys
Some days after the coup d’état led by General Juan Carlos Onganía in 1966, the rock trio Los Beatniks recorded a simple album with Columbia Broadcasting System (cbs). The leading voice, Moris, composed the lyrics, including those to the song “Rebelde.” “People call me the rebel,” he wrote, “because rebel is my heart / I am free / and they want to make / a slave of tradition / out of me.”...
6. Close to the Revolution
How did young women and men become involved with the most radicalized variations of Argentine politics in the late 1960s and early 1970s? Which ideas and images helped propel and shape that involvement? And, finally, why was Peronism the political movement that seemed to benefit the most from the politicization of youth? ...
7. Poner el cuerpo
In preparation for the coming of the spring of 1966, an ad for Sportline jackets addressed a male readership with a challenging and alluring statement: “only if you brought together a guerrilla’s audacity and a playboy’s affluence, would you be ready to dress Sportline.”...
8. Youth and the “Authority-Reconstitution” Project
In late 1975, when the civilian government of Isabel Martínez de Perón had already authorized the military to repress social and political activities, groups of neighbors from Buenos Aires and from the distant city of Comodoro Rivadavia wrote to the minister of the interior asking for more security in their communities, which they viewed as threatened by youths engaged either in “subversive actions,” “drug consumption,” “sexual orgies,” or all of the above.1...
Soon after the imposition of the military junta in 1976, diverse organizations domestically and abroad started campaigning to denounce the massive, state-led violation of human rights. These organizations publicized the implementation of the mechanisms of kidnapping, torturing, and “disappearing” thousands of people...
Publication Year: 2014
OCLC Number: 878405785
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