Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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p. v

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

This book examines the spread of military power throughout the international system, explaining how variations in the diffusion of new military innovations influence international politics, especially the balance of power and warfare. States have a number of possible strategic choices when faced...

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CHAPTER 1. Introduction

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pp. 1-17

Innovations in the production, deployment, and application of military power are crucial to international politics. Unfortunately, most assessments of the international security environment fail to incorporate either the relevance of military innovations or the importance of their spread. For example...

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CHAPTER 2. A Theory of the Diffusion of Military Power

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pp. 18-64

War is a harsh teacher, Thucydides tells us. We either learn from others who are better at fighting than we are or we die. Yet there are puzzles. France knew after World War I that Germany remained economically and demographically stronger than France. Knowledge of the emergence of blitzkrieg...

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CHAPTER 3. Carrier Warfare

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pp. 65-97

As the predominant form of naval power, aircraft carriers are one of the clearest symbols of military strength on earth. Short of the atomic bomb, nothing signifies the power of a great nation like the possession of a fleet of aircraft carriers, able to control the oceans and project power across great...

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CHAPTER 4. The Nuclear Revolution

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pp. 98-133

At an Armistice Day ceremony on November 11, 1948, during an address as part of the events, General Omar Bradley stated that “ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants.” What did he mean? He was likely referring to the tremendous, and not completely understood, destructive capacity of...

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CHAPTER 5. Battlefleet Warfare

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pp. 134-165

On October 21, 1805, Admiral Horatio Nelson and his British fleet wiped out a combined French and Spanish fleet at Trafalgar, ushering in decades of British naval superiority. In 1828, following a victory over the Ottoman Navy at Navarino in 1827 and conscious of their global leadership in sea...

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CHAPTER 6. Suicide Terrorism

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pp. 166-207

In the mid-1990s, after the first World Trade Center attack, Osama Bin Laden apparently made an important decision with major repercussions for U.S. strategy. Up until then, the burgeoning terrorist group now known as Al Qaeda had played a major role in Salafi jihadi terrorist operations...

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CHAPTER 7. Conclusion

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pp. 208-225

In 1452, Sultan Mehmed II, the ruler of the rising Ottoman Empire, had a problem.1 While the Ottoman Sultanate had conquered most of the former Byzantine Empire’s territory, the walls of Constantinople, the crown jewel of Asia Minor, still held. Mehmed II worried that despite the...

APPENDIX 1. Suicide Terrorism Group Linkages

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pp. 227-231

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APPENDIX 2. Nuclear Diffusion Survival Model

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pp. 232-235

A final check on the results from the nuclear weapons chapter is conducted using an event history, or survival, model. Survival models are especially useful for a task like measuring the acquisition of a weapons system because they are designed to predict failure rates, or the length of time until a...

Bibliography

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pp. 237-263

Index

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pp. 265-273