Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedications

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Figures

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pp. ix-xii

List of Tables

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pp. xiii-xiv

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Preface

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pp. xv-xvi

In January 2001, Matt was writing a paper about the “rally-’round-the-flag” phenomenon and came across an intriguing paradox: presidents seem to enjoy larger rallies in public support during crises when their political enemies (the opposing party) control the legislature. ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xviii

We could not have completed this work without the financial assistance of the UCLA Academic Senate, the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Harvard’s Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics, and Public Policy, and the University of California’s Institute on Global Cooperation and Conflict (IGCC). ...

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Chapter One: News, Opinion, and Foreign Policy

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pp. 1-16

On August 21, 2005, Senators Chuck Hagel (R-NE) and George Allen (R-VA) appeared together on the ABC Sunday morning political roundtable program This Week to discuss American involvement in Iraq. The senators were of comparable stature; both were considered credible aspirants for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination, ...

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Chapter Two: Politics across the Water’s Edge

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pp. 17-45

Speaking in St. Louis on July 5, 2008, then-Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama outlined his plans for withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq: “The tactics of how we ensure our troops are safe as we pull out, how we execute the withdrawal, those are things that are all based on facts and conditions. ...

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Chapter Three: Elite Rhetoric, Media Coverage, and Rallying ’Round the Flag

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pp. 46-88

In the 1930s, Senator Arthur Vandenberg (R-MI) was one of the most consistent and powerful foreign policy isolationists in the Senate. Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor that prompted America to enter the Second World War, Vandenberg steadfastly opposed President Franklin Roosevelt’s attempts to increase American involvement in the conflict ...

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Chapter Four: War Meets the Press: Strategic Media Bias and Elite Foreign Policy Evaluations

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pp. 89-113

What makes it into the news? Longtime CBS anchor Walter Cronkite neatly summarized the widely shared perspective of journalists when he said, “Our job is only to hold up the mirror—to tell and show the public what has happened.”1 ...

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Chapter Five: Shot by the Messenger: An Experimental Examination of the Effects of Party Cues on Public Opinion Regarding National Security and War

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pp. 114-148

Republican candidates have famously argued that the media are biased against their candidates, perhaps best exemplified by a popular 1992 bumper sticker reading, “Annoy the Media: Re-elect George Bush.” However, with the rise of the Fox News Channel, Democrats have mounted specific, targeted attempts to marginalize and delegitimize what they argue is a pro-Republican news outlet. ...

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Chapter Six: Tidings of Battle: Polarizing Media and Public Support for the Iraq War

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pp. 149-185

Just before the 2004 presidential election, the New York Times Magazine published an article by veteran reporter Ron Suskind titled “Faith, Certainty and the Presidency of George W. Bush.” In it, the author recounted being criticized by an unnamed member of the Bush administration for overvaluing “judicious study of discernible reality” in the evaluation of policy options. ...

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Chapter Seven: “Reality Asserted Itself”: The Elasticity of Reality and the War in Iraq

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pp. 186-229

Marshalling what he called “simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense,” Thomas Paine once decried what he observed to be stubborn and wrongheaded resistance to the American war for independence: “A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right, and raises at first a formidable outcry in defense of custom.” ...

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Chapter Eight: Barbarians inside the Gates: Partisan New Media and the Polarization of American Political Discourse

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pp. 230-283

In August 2007, the FBI asked media organizations in Seattle, Washington, to assist in identifying two men who were seen behaving unusually aboard several ferries in the area. The FBI asked the news outlets to publicize descriptions of the men, including photographs taken by suspicious ferry employees. ...

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Chapter Nine: Back to the Future: Foreign Policy in the Second Era of the Partisan Press

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pp. 284-296

In February 1968, CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite gave what is often regarded as the most important commentary of his long and distinguished career. In his first broadcast since concluding a fact-finding tour of Vietnam following the shocking 1968 Tet Offensive, Cronkite somberly editorialized that, while not on the “edge of defeat,” the United States was “mired in stalemate,” ...

References

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pp. 297-314

Index

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pp. 315-329