Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-ix

...The editors join with Philip Valera, president of the Ethikon Institute, and Carole Pateman, series editor, in thanking all who contributed to the dialogue project that resulted in this book. We are especially indebted to the Ahmanson Foundation and its trustees, Robert F. Erburu and Lee Walcott, who provided major support for...

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Introduction: Three Forms of Ethical Pluralism

Richard Madsen and Tracy B. Strong

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pp. 1-22

...The war on terrorism, say America’s leaders, is a war of good versus evil. But in the minds of the perpetrators, the 11 September attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon appear to have been justified as ethically good acts required by Islam against American evil. How can different ethical systems become so polarized that, to paraphrase the great German sociologist Max Weber, one person’s...

PART I

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Liberal Egalitarian Attitudes toward Ethical Pluralism

William A. Galston

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pp. 25-41

...canonical standpoint. This immediately suggests the question of what one must believe to be a member in good standing of the family. From a Wittgensteinian perspective of course, that question would evoke the response, “Nothing, if you mean a characteristic such that not possessing it strictly entails nonmembership...

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Liberal Egalitarian Platitudes?

Brian Barry

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pp. 42-52

...Anyone who is asked to give a liberal egalitarian account of an issue is faced by the problem that, within the Ethikon framework, liberalism comes in only two flavors: classical and egalitarian. Moreover, “classical liberalism” turns out in practice not to be as catholic as it sounds. It would exclude a presumptively classical liberal such as John Stuart Mill on...

PART II

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Ethical Pluralism from a Classical Liberal Perspective

Chandran Kukathas

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pp. 55-77

...Is the ideal society one that embodies or aims for ethical uniformity, or one that emphasizes instead the accommodation of ethical pluralism? From a classical liberal perspective the answer can only be that ethical pluralism should be accommodated...

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Ethical Pluralism and Classical Liberalism

James Tully

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pp. 78-86

...In “Ethical Pluralism from a Classical Liberal Perspective,” Chandran Kukathas presents a clear and compelling analysis of how one school of classical liberalism copes with ethical pluralism. He points out that classical liberalism is a diverse, contested, and evolving tradition of political theory. He does not attempt to present...

PART III

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Natural Law and Ethical Pluralism

John H. Haldane

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pp. 89-114

...Plato, Aristotle, and other philosophers in the ancient world were much concerned with the general metaphysical problem of the “one and the many”—that is to say, the question of the relationship between a universal or common nature, such as horseness or triangularity, and its many instances, the multitude of horses or triangles...

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Natural Law Reflections on the Social Management of Ethical Pluralism

Joseph Boyle

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pp. 115-126

...John Haldane has provided a wide-ranging and insightful essay on natural law and ethical pluralism. His essay usefully details the manifold relationships between natural law and ethical pluralism and hints at many of the deep and interesting theoretical and practical issues these relationships generate. Although I disagree with...

PART IV

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Confucian Attitudes toward Ethical Pluralism

Joseph Chan

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pp. 129-153

...As a tradition of thought, Confucianism began life in China more than 2,500 years ago. Although its core ideas can be traced back to the teachings of Confucius (551–479 B.C.E.), this tradition was never thought to be wholly created by Confucius himself. In fact, the original Chinese term of Confucianism, ru-jia, makes no reference at all to Confucius...

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Two Strands of Confucianism

Lee H. Yearley

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pp. 154-158

...Professor Chan’s essay is rich, clear, appropriately critical, and (when warranted) appropriately appreciative. I aim in what follows only to sketch out a few separable but related comments that may aid our understanding of his essay and the important issues he treats. My comments are made, then, in what I take to be the spirit of a comment...

PART V

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Islam and Ethical Pluralism

Dale F. Eickelman

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pp. 161-179

...The Qur’an offers a distinctly modern perspective on the role of Islam as a force for tolerance and mutual recognition in a multiethnic, multicommunity world: “To each among you,We have ordained a law and assigned a path. Had God pleased, he could have made you one nation, but His will is to test you by what He has given you; so compete...

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The Scope of Pluralism in Islamic Moral Traditions

Muhammad Khalid Masud

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pp. 180-192

...Dale Eickelman argues in the preceding essay that the Qur’an offers a modern perspective of a multiethnic and multicommunity world. Despite the fact that over time localisms have resisted the full realization of this Qur’anic perspective, Muslim societies have nevertheless continuously demonstrated their belief in this principle, as illustrated...

PART VI

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Ethical Diversity, Tolerance, and the Problem of Sovereignty: A Jewish Perspective

Menachem Fisch

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pp. 195-218

...Like all religions of long standing, Judaism does not speak in one voice, and perhaps never did—certainly not on the issues under consideration. It is customary to distinguish three major streams or movements within contemporary Judaism in the West—Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform— each standing for a cascade of further divisions...

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Jewish Responses to Modernity

Adam B. Seligman

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pp. 219-225

...As Menachem Fisch notes at the outset, Judaism does not speak with one voice. Indeed, it never has. In fact, as much as anyone, Menachem’s own work has shown how a polyphony of voices constitutes the core moment of the Jewish legal tradition. Furthermore, and in terms of our interest here, it is well to remember that Jewish...

PART VII

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pp. 226-228

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Conscientious Individualism: A Christian Perspective on Ethical Pluralism

David Little

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pp. 229-256

...There are several conceptual ambiguities about the term “pluralism” that need to be clarified. According to the dictionary, it is both a descriptive term, “the quality or state of being plural,” and a theoretical or normative term, “the doctrine that there are more than one...

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Pluralism as a Matter of Principle

James W. Skillen

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pp. 257-268

...David Little builds his case for a “weak theory” of ethical pluralism largely on the basis of what he calls “conscientious individualism.” In response, I would like to argue that something broader and deeper than conscientious individualism is needed to account for both the diversity of ethical responsibilities that humans bear and the...

PART VIII

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Feminist Attitudes toward Ethical Pluralism

Christine Di Stefano

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pp. 271-300

...Feminism is best approached as a political, rather than ethical, designation. Furthermore, feminism does not lend itself to description and assessment as a single and unitary tradition. References to feminisms in the contemporary literature underscore this point. Marxist feminism, liberal feminism, libertarian feminism, socialist feminism, social feminism, standpoint feminism, lesbian feminism, radical...

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Feminism and the Varieties of Ethical Pluralism

Carole Pateman

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pp. 301-308

...Feminism, as Christine Di Stefano demonstrates, stands in a complex relationship to ethical pluralism. To complicate matters further, feminism also has its own conflicts, which include questions about ethical pluralism, with the other traditions represented here. But how should feminism be characterized? Di Stefano begins with...

PART IX

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Critical Theory and the Challenge of Ethical Pluralism

William E. Scheuerman

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pp. 311-335

...It would be a mistake to claim that early critical theory was insensitive to the significance of ethical pluralism for human freedom. Originally conceived during the darkest days of a Europe haunted by the specter of National Socialism, the Frankfurt School’s eclectic brand of Hegelian- Marxism powerfully described the many ways in which contemporary social and economic forms delimit...

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Substantive and Procedural Dimensions of Critical Theory

Simone Chambers

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pp. 336-340

...Much of contemporary critical theory has been influenced by Ju¨ rgen Habermas, especially Habermas’s theory of discursive ethics. Jean Cohen and Andrew Arato, the two theorists Bill Scheuerman discusses, are no exception. While going significantly beyond Habermas in their theory of civil society, they nevertheless understand...

PART X

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Pluralisms Compared

J. Donald Moon

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pp. 343-360

...The writers of the main essays collected in this volume were asked to respond to five broad questions within the framework of a particular tradition or perspective. The purpose of this chapter is to identify some of the broad similarities and differences among the ethical perspectives, as described in this collection, and to identify the possibilities for dialogue across these lines of difference...

Contributors

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pp. 361-364

Index

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pp. 365-372