In this Book

Ten Hills Farm
summary

Ten Hills Farm tells the powerful saga of five generations of slave owners in colonial New England. Settled in 1630 by John Winthrop--who would later become governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony--Ten Hills Farm was a six-hundred-acre estate just north of Boston. Winthrop, famous for envisioning his 'city on the hill' and lauded as a paragon of justice, owned slaves on that ground and passed the first law in North America condoning slavery. In this mesmerizing narrative, C. S. Manegold exposes how the fates of the land and the families that lived on it were bound to America's most tragic and tainted legacy. Challenging received ideas about America and the Atlantic world, Ten Hills Farm digs deep to bring the story of slavery in the North full circle--from concealment to recovery.

Manegold follows the compelling tale from the early seventeenth to the early twenty-first century, from New England, through the South, to the sprawling slave plantations of the Caribbean. John Winthrop, famous for envisioning his "city on the hill" and lauded as a paragon of justice, owned slaves on that ground and passed the first law in North America condoning slavery. Each successive owner of Ten Hills Farm--from John Usher, who was born into money, to Isaac Royall, who began as a humble carpenter's son and made his fortune in Antigua--would depend upon slavery's profits until the 1780s, when Massachusetts abolished the practice. In time, the land became a city, its questionable past discreetly buried, until now.

Challenging received ideas about America and the Atlantic world, Ten Hills Farm digs deep to bring the story of slavery in the North full circle--from concealment to recovery.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. 2-9
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 10-11
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  1. Letter from Antigua
  2. pp. 12-25
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  1. PART I: THE PURITAN
  2. pp. 26-27
  1. 1 The Land
  2. pp. 28-45
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  1. 2 Ten Hills Farm
  2. pp. 46-60
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  1. 3 Possession
  2. pp. 61-75
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  1. PART II: THE IMMIGRANT
  2. pp. 76-77
  1. 4 The King’s Forester
  2. pp. 78-86
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  1. 5 Favors to the Few
  2. pp. 87-104
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  1. 6 Happy Instruments to Enlarge Our Dominions
  2. pp. 105-121
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  1. 7 Slavers of the North
  2. pp. 122-126
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  1. 8 Come Up in the Night with Them
  2. pp. 127-140
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  1. 9 You May Own Negroes and Negresses
  2. pp. 141-147
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  1. PART III: THE MASTER
  2. pp. 148-149
  1. 10 Antigua
  2. pp. 150-169
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  1. 11 Crime, Punishment, and Compensation
  2. pp. 170-180
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  1. 12 Homecoming
  2. pp. 181-191
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  1. 13 The Benefactor
  2. pp. 192-207
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  1. 14 Luxury on the Grandest Scale
  2. pp. 208-219
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  1. PART IV: THE PETITIONER
  2. pp. 220-221
  1. 15 We Shall Not Be Slaves
  2. pp. 222-230
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  1. 16 Within the Bowels of a Free Country
  2. pp. 231-239
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  1. 17 Death Is Not the Worst of Evils
  2. pp. 240-252
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  1. 18 Reparations
  2. pp. 253-261
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  1. PART V: THE LEGACY
  2. pp. 262-263
  1. 19 City upon a Hill
  2. pp. 264-281
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  1. Afterword: Letter from Antigua, Easter Monday, 2008
  2. pp. 282-291
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  1. Note to Readers
  2. pp. 292-295
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  1. Notes on Sources
  2. pp. 296-329
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 330-333
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. 334-335
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 336-342
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