Cover

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Title Page, Other Works in the Series, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-xi

...of the twentieth century, felt increasingly estranged from the routine curricula taught in American public schools, and who tried to do something about their sense of alienation. Members of these groups despaired that their children marched into school, day after day, only to be fed a ‘propagandistic’ meal of ‘half-truths’ and ‘outright...

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One: Introduction to Afrocentrism and Creationism, Challengers to Educational "Injustice"

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pp. 1-28

...perched on the edge of a controversy that would bedevil it for the next ten years. Although the issue would ebb and flow as the decade wore on, one superintendent lost his job over the controversy, and a great deal of ink was spilled, and vitriol expressed, in the local media over the strengths and weaknesses of the proposed plan. All of this discussion...

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Two: The Challengers

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pp. 29-52

...made out in their challenges in the seven public school systems, we should know more about the history of these two groups. In this chapter, I describe the social, cultural, and political characteristics of those who made up Afrocentrism’s and creationism’s constituencies; the kinds of identities that adherents crafted in these efforts...

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Three: History of the Three Afrocentric Cases: Atlanta, Washington, D.C., and New York State

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pp. 53-103

...challenges in the previous chapter, I now embark on the first of four chapters in which I look in detail at the seven cases that make up the comparative study. In this chapter, I will describe events and outcomes in Atlanta, Washington, D.C., and New York state, and will draw attention to...

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Four: Cultural, Political, and Organizational Factors Influencing Afrocentric Outcomes

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pp. 104-135

...chronology of the three Afrocentric cases leaves us with a deluge of data that will remain a mind-boggling puzzle unless treated to some form of systematic analysis. With analysis in mind, I have two goals for this chapter which, at first glance, may seem to be at cross purposes. The first is...

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Five: History of the Four Creationist Cases: Louisiana State, California State, Vista, California, and Kansas State

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pp. 136-193

...organization played in the Afrocentric cases.We found that school systems proved resistant to lasting reforms in all three cases, with insurgent achievements ranging on a scale of practically zero (New York) to modest and largely symbolic (Atlanta and Washington, D.C.). Sensitized to these...

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Six: Cultural, Political, and Organizational Factors Influencing Creationist Outcomes

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pp. 194-215

...rhetorical resources that they used to their advantage in debates with public schools. Culturally, Afrocentrists had a compelling assertion that educators could not deny (schools’ historical failure to educate black children well) and a set of deeply resonant principles with which to stake their claims for black children: the arguments for equality...

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Seven: Making More Institutional the Study of Challenge

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pp. 216-244

...about these seven cases of Afrocentric and creationist challenges to American public schools? We have learned that both sets of challengers attempted to sway school systems to act on their behalf using rhetoric about the welfare of children, the purported lack of justice found in school classrooms, the intellectual bankruptcy of educational...

Appendix

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pp. 245-248

Notes

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pp. 249-284

References

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pp. 285-296

Index

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pp. 297-307