Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xi

...The identification of this form of skepticism as a central concern for Hegel was probably the most striking feature of the earlier project. Likewise, the identification of it as a central concern for Kant—and as the source of a full-blooded...

PART I: EXPOSITION

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Chapter One: Varieties of Skepticism

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pp. 3-5

...That much is widely recognized. However, it is a fundamental thesis of the present essay that these two projects belong tightly together, namely in the following sense: The types of skepticism which really originated and motivate the critical philosophy are types of skepticism that mainly...

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Chapter Two: "Veil of Perception" Skepticism

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pp. 6-12

...Anglophone tradition tend to be in the habit of assuming that skepticism can be equated with, or at least has its paradigmatic form in, Berkeley’s problem of a “veil of perception.” Accordingly, many, if not most, Kant-interpreters in the Anglophone tradition write as though this problem were central to the critical...

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Chapter Three: Skepticism and Metaphysics (a Puzzle)

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pp. 13-15

...For most of the Germans in question, and in particular for the Leibnizinspired authors of the eighteenth century who immediately preceded Kant, includingWolff and Baumgarten, as well as for the precritical Kant himself until about 1765, the discipline comprised two parts, roughly corresponding to Aristotle’s...

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Chapter Four: Kant's Pyrrhonian Crisis

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pp. 16-20

...For in this letter to Bernouilli Kant identifies problems having just the general structure and subject matter in question as the original source of his ambition to reform the discipline of metaphysics, and he makes it clear that this stimulus was already at work on him in the year 1765. Discussing his correspondence with the recently deceased Lambert...

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Chapter Five: Humean Skepticism

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pp. 21-32

...Hume’s skeptical reflections concerning causation. It is much less clear, though, exactly what it was in Hume’s rather various skeptical reflections on causation that awoke Kant, when it did so, and how it did so. Let me therefore attempt to answer those questions...

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Chapter Six: Kant's Reformed Metaphysics

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pp. 33-39

...I shall begin by trying to say what the reformed metaphysics of the critical philosophy is like (this turns out to be a more difficult task than one might have expected), and how in general terms it has been reformed in order to enable it to cope with the skeptical problems in question...

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Chapter Seven: Defenses against Humean Skepticism

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pp. 40-43

...metaphysics of nature” against the Pyrrhonian and the Humeinfluenced skeptical problems. I shall begin with the Humeinfluenced problems, those concerning the existence and reference of a priori concepts and the possibility of synthetic a priori knowledge. For, as we shall see, Kant’s solution to the Pyrrhonian problem builds on his solutions to these...

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Chapter Eight: Defenses against Pyrrhonian Skepticism

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pp. 44-51

...skeptical problem? The first point which deserves emphasis here is that Kant evidently saw his solution to the Hume-influenced problems as the key to solving this Pyrrhonian problem as well. This can be seen from the following passage in the...

PART II: CRITICAL ASSESSMENT

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Chapter Nine: Some Relatively Easy Problems

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pp. 54-56

...pure exposition of Kant’s project to some critical assessment of it. I shall begin in this chapter with a consideration of two apparent problems which in fact have fairly straightforward and satisfactory solutions, before proceeding in subsequent chapters to further problems which may be more troublesome. It is my hope that...

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Chapter Ten: A Metaphysics of Morals?

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pp. 57-61

...positions on this subject during the critical period—first a position which turns out to be flatly self-contradictory, then later a position which avoids such crass inconsistency but which may still be vulnerable to other objections. I shall here concentrate mainly on distinguishing these two positions...

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Chapter Eleven: Failures of Self-Reflection

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pp. 62-74

...problems, however. As I mentioned earlier, in addition to his “metaphysics of nature,” he also recognizes a further component of his new science of metaphysics, namely a more fully developed version of the “science of the bounds of human reason” which he had first identified as metaphysics in...

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Chapter Twelve: The Pyrrhonist's Revenge

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pp. 75-90

...Kant’s strategy for addressing Pyrrhonism presupposes this interpretation of it as a moderate form of skepticism. In particular, Kant’s strategy presupposes that Pyrrhonists do not challenge the assumptions that one has experience of certain types or that classical logical principles are valid...

Notes

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pp. 91-145

Index

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pp. 146-151