Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword: Of Theology and Diplomacy

Jack Miles

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pp. vii-x

...a little theology if the looming clash between embattled elements both in the West and in the Muslim umma is to yield to disengagement and peaceful coexistence, to say nothing of fruitful collaboration. If al- Qaida is a Muslim movement with military designs both on the umma itself and on the West...

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Preface

Sohail H. Hashmi

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pp. xi-xiv

...a number of high-level dialogue conferences in which authoritative spokespersons for diverse ethical traditions have presented the views of their respective traditions on particular topics and specific questions of great contemporary importance. The conferences are designed to identify and explore the commonalities and differences among different moral outlooks...

PART I: STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY

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One: Civil Society and Government in Islam

John Kelsay

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pp. 3-37

...mean many things. One way to summarize involves tying the term to a specific set of institutions or organizations that are held to “mediate” between private and public life. Churches and synagogues fit, as do labor unions, political parties, and such associations as the People for the American Way, the...

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Two: Perspectives on Islam and Civil Society

Farhad Kazemi

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pp. 38-55

...recent years and a central topic of discourse for scholars, policy makers, and other observers. Its renewed relevance is a reflection of a set of two relatively recent international and domestic developments. On the international side, these developments included the collapse of the Soviet Union, the end of...

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Three: Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society: A Re.ective Islamic Approach

Hasan Hanafi

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pp. 56-76

...antireligious, and aiming at Westernizing Muslim societies. This is the radical fundamentalist position. Second, there are some who affirm the concept of civil society as a universal concept, a global ideal irrespective of its Western origins. They accept it as a model, a norm of practice, and an ideal in lifestyle for...

PART II: BOUNDARIES AND DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE

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Four: Islamic Perspectives on Territorial Boundaries and Autonomy

M. Raquibuz Zaman

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pp. 79-101

...defining territorial boundaries should be quite an easy one. However, the task becomes somewhat arduous when we try to approach it in terms of ethical perspectives that have religious sanctions. After all, if ethics is “the study of the right and the good, i.e., right conduct in the affairs of human life and the pursuit of the good life,”1 then the question arises whether or...

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Five: Religion and the Maintenance of Boundaries: An Islamic View

Sulayman Nyang

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pp. 102-112

...and maintaining boundaries in our time. The necessity of taking account of religious values is particularly acute for men and women living in states and societies where notions of boundaries—geographical and metaphysical—are related to notions of divine will, expressed through revelation of a sacred law, as is the case in Islam. M. Raquibuz Zaman’s...

PART III: PLURALISM AND INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY

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Six: Islam and Ethical Pluralism

Dale F. Eickelman

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pp. 115-134

...The contextual interpretations of these verses are multiple, but in contemporary Muslim discussion and debate, the point of departure is increasingly the Quran itself and not the many layers of scholarly interpretation that have accumulated over the centuries. It would be incorrect to say that there is a single...

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Seven: The Scope of Pluralism in Islamic Moral Traditions

Muhammad Khalid Masud

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pp. 135-147

...Despite the fact that over time localisms have resisted the full realization of this Quranic perspective, Muslim societies have nevertheless continuously demonstrated their belief in this principle, as illustrated by the thought of the jurist Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi in fourteenth-century Spain, the Mughal ruler Akbar in...

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Eight: Islamic Ethics in International Society

Sohail H. Hashmi

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pp. 148-172

...what to think of Islam. Western and Islamic civilizations are inextricably linked in origins, histories, and even, to a large degree, ethical values, and yet the encounter has been far from easy. Medieval Europeans considered Islam, as Albert Hourani has observed, “with a mixture of fear, bewilderment and uneasy recognition...

PART IV: WAR AND PEACE

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Nine: War and Peace in Islam

Bassam Tibi

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pp. 175-193

...adequate. It follows that believers must act on the basis of Allah’s knowledge, which is the exclusive source of truth for Muslims. Ethics in Islam, though concerned with man’s actions, always relates these actions to the word of God as revealed to the Prophet, Muhammad, and as collected in the...

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Ten: Interpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace

Sohail H. Hashmi

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pp. 194-216

...Muslims are hopelessly divided on the Islamic ethics of war and peace. One graphic indication of this division is found in the deliberations of the People’s Islamic Conference, a group of Muslim activists and scholars from several countries originally convened to find a resolution for the Iran-Iraq War. During January 1991, in the weeks immediately before the Gulf War...

Glossary

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pp. 217-218

Contributors

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pp. 219-220

Index

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pp. 221-227