Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Introduction

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pp. 3-14

...Tibetan Buddhism, a scandal broke out in 1988 when members learned that one of their masters, Osel Tendzin, well known for his active sexuality, had contracted AIDS three years earlier. Other scandals, having to do with alcoholism, embezzlement...

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Chapter 1

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pp. 15-63

...form of a tetralemma known as the “four noble truths”: suffering, the cause of suffering, the possibility of ending suffering, and the method of achieving that end. The first two rubrics describe the world of sam½ sa¯ ra, the cycle of transmigration...

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Chapter 2

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pp. 64-97

...new community. It is therefore marked by a pragmatic concern that distinguishes it from the philosophical teaching of certain sutras. Compared with theoretical or metaphysical conceptions on the nature of desire or passions, these disciplinary...

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Chapter 3

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pp. 98-143

...notions of transgression: juridical, disciplinary, ritual, oneirical, literary, philosophical, and so on. From the philosophical standpoint, transgression derives from a position called antinomianism. We find in Buddhism two basic types...

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Chapter 4

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pp. 144-206

...Truths theory was often invoked to bridge this gap, for instance by arguing that traditional morality, as expressed in the Vinaya, was only reflecting conventional truth, whereas ultimate truth was beyond good and evil. This argument...

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Chapter 5

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pp. 207-240

...evaluation of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism, Jesuit missionaries in China and Japan agreed in their condemnation of the moral depravity of Buddhist monks—and more precisely, in their...

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Chapter 6

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pp. 241-278

...between a priest and a youth. This notion of male bonding was preserved until Saikaku, who gives many examples of idealized friendship between chigo and monks and contrasts the chigo with the wakashu¯ or kagema, objects of prostitution...

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Afterthoughts

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pp. 279-288

...beyond their immediate context— without underestimating the impact of the social and cultural context of the Buddhist institution? Clearly, we must abandon the image of an...

Glossary

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pp. 289-292

Bilbiography

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pp. 293-332

Index

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pp. 333-338