Book Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

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Dedication

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pp. v-vi

...For Eleanor, Raphael, and the others...

CONTENTS

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pp. vii-viii

TABLES AND FIGURE

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pp. ix-x

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PREFACE

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pp. xi-xviii

...American dream, I mean not merely the right to get rich, but rather the promise that all Americans have a reasonable chance to achieve success as they define it—material or otherwise— through their own efforts, andto attain virtue...

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xix-xxii

...established the framework for anyone studying race in the United States in the twentieth century. Louis Hartz established the other framework within which I operate—the analysis of the values and visions that distinguish residents of the...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 3-12

...not give up, he never lost sight of the larger picture, and he insisted that we meet community members who were fighting to preserve safety, decency, and hope for their children. But he was frustratedand frightened, and he looked to us...

PART ONE The Philosophical and Empirical Context

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Chapter One WHAT IS THE AMERICAN DREAM?

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pp. 15-38

...and their own accounts, many have achieved success. Probably just as many have been defeated and disillusioned. Millions of other immigrants—predominantly...

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Chapter Two RICH AND POOR AFRICAN AMERICANS

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pp. 39-52

...American class structure requires us to attend to four phenomena: the “overall indicators” of relative positions held by blacks and whites; the “consolidating...

PART TWO The Three Paradoxes

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Chapter Three “WHAT’S ALL THE FUSS ABOUT?”: BLACKS’ AND WHITES’ BELIEFS ABOUT THE AMERICAN DREAM

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pp. 55-71

...descriptions of and explanations for America’s racial situation. The two races share an overwhelming support for the American dream as a prescription for their...

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Chapter Four “SUCCEEDING MORE” AND “UNDER THE SPELL”: AFFLUENT AND POOR BLACKS’ BELIEFS ABOUT THE AMERICAN DREAM

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pp. 72-88

...middle-class blacks in their deepening disillusionment with the American dream, then the dream faces an even greater problem than the comparatively...

PART THREE Succeeding More and Enjoying It Less

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Chapter Five BELIEFS ABOUT ONE’S OWN LIFE

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pp. 91-121

...Americans have abjured racial discrimination and thus finally accepted the first tenet. African Americans’ strenuous efforts to join the middle class show, in...

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Chapter Six BELIEFS ABOUT OTHERS

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pp. 122-140

...to be affected by what happens to people around them. Mere convention, then, would suggest that well-off African Americans’ feelings about changes...

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Chapter Seven COMPETITIVE SUCCESS AND COLLECTIVE WELL-BEING

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pp. 141-154

...that are, if not of their own making, exacerbatedby their sensitivities, insecurities, paranoia? Or are they confronting what white Americans refuse to face...

PART FOUR Under the Spell of the Great National Suggestion

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Chapter Eight REMAINING UNDER THE SPELL

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pp. 157-173

...Which better represents the sentiments of most poor black Americans? What does each envision when he thinks of the American dream? Which will pay a higher...

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Chapter Nine WITH ONE PART OF THEMSELVES THEY ACTUALLY BELIEVE

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pp. 174-183

...believe in it very much, or they do not believe in anything very much, or they are incapable of mounting the effort it takes to maintain faith in the face...

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Chapter Ten DISTORTING THE DREAM

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pp. 184-199

...provide him with what he needs in life—not a wealthy family, but a working family. Yet this kid has 30, 40, 50 pairs of tennis shoes, all kinds of jogging...

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Chapter Eleven BREAKING THE SPELL

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pp. 200-213

...Some live in a Hobbesian world, resisting all social constraints on their preferred actions. Others, with Baldwin, do not believe that whites and the white-dominated...

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Chapter Twelve THE PERVERSITY OF RACE AND THE FLUIDITY OF VALUES

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pp. 214-222

...of succeeding more and enjoying it less. Therefore the part of the book on well-off African Americans focused on examining an array of possible explanations...

PART FIVE Race andth e American Dream

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Chapter Thirteen COMPARING BLACKS AND WHITE IMMIGRANTS

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pp. 225-249

...crucial to my concern about the consequences of changing beliefs in the ideology of the American dream. If blacks and whites who are similarly situated react similarly...

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Chapter Fourteen THE FUTURE OF THE AMERICAN DREAM

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pp. 250-260

...capacious content. It provides a unifying vision but allows infinite variations within that vision. It can be used to club the poor into accepting their lot, but it can...

Appendix A SURVEYS USED FOR UNPUBLISHED TABULATIONS

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pp. 261-266

Appendix B SUPPLEMENTAL TABLES

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pp. 267-270

NOTES

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pp. 271-340

WORKS CITED

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pp. 341-398

INDEX

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pp. 399-412