Book Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Tables

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

I HAVE been working on this book for over eight years and have, therefore, incurred a large number of debts along the way. I was supported at various stages of the research with fellowships from the University of Chicago Division of the Social Sciences, the University of Wisconsin Graduate School, the Council for European Studies, the German Academic Exchange Program (DAAD), the German ...

Abbreviations

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pp. xiii-xv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-11

THIS IS A BOOK about the development of a set of original state strategies for regulating the social in Germany before World War I. Since T. H. Marshall it has been recognized that the advent of the welfare state not only represented a redistribution of income but also has contributed to more fundamental qualitative changes in society. In the Netherlands, for example, sociologists have found that welfare programs ...

Part One

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Social Theory and the German Welfare State

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pp. 15-40

This book’s overarching goal is to explain the emergence of a set of new strategies for regulating the social in Germany between the middle of the nineteenth century and 1914, with a focus on the imperial period. More specifically, I will ask what the existing theories of the state and social policy can tell us about the German ...

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Toward an Explanation of the Welfare State inNineteenth-Century Germany

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pp. 41-54

In the preceding chapter I suggested that any social object as complex and concrete as the welfare state could probably only be explained in terms of a combination of causal mechanisms rooted in different theoretical systems. Chapter 1 also presented a variety of alternative theories of social policy. The purpose of this chapter ...

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The Rise of the Social Question and Social Policyin Nineteenth-Century Germany

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pp. 55-69

THIS CHAPTER sets out to describe the emergence of the notion of a specifically “social” arena located “between” the economy and the state in nineteenth-century Germany. The problems associated with the social were codified in specific and changing ways, which are discussed in the chapter. During the first half of the century, middle-class anxieties associated with the social tended to be organized around ...

Part Two

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The Central State in Imperial Germany

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pp. 73-107

MY GOAL in this chapter is to develop a general interpretation of the Prussian-German state during the second half of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. To explain the German state’s social policies, one needs to understand not only the anxieties that provided the initial impulse to action, discussed in the preceding chapter, ...

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The Prussian-German Welfare State:Social Policy at the Central L

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pp. 108-145

The Prussian-German state’s predisposition to respond to the sorts of social anxieties discussed in chapter 3 resulted from its interventionist predispositions and the inherited cameralist concern with social order. Repressive strategies continued to be advocated and used in the empire, most notably in the case of the Anti-Socialist Law (1878–1890).1 But after 1848 there was a growing consensus among the ...

Part Three

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Municipal Politics and the Local Regulationof the Social until the 1890s: Poor Reliefand Worker Policy

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pp. 149-187

Most macrosociological studies of the welfare state fail to trace the complete causal chain through which global interventions are effected.1 Yet it is impossible to understand the welfare state—or any other large-scale phenomenon, for that matter—without attending to the local level. Local and microlevel politics are not a mere ...

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Change in Municipal Politics and the Regulationof the Social after the 1890s: Scientific SocialWork and Proto-Corporatism

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pp. 188-214

TWO NEW FORMS of social policy emerged, principally at the local level, between the 1890s and 1914: proto-corporatism and scientific social work. Although these social interventions had a limited material impact before 1914, they were extremely significant in adumbrating novel ways of imagining and regulating the social. The ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 215-220

THIS BOOK has explored the development of four different paradigms of social regulation and the factors shaping their implementation at the local and national levels of the nineteenth-century German state. I have argued that the formation of social policy is a complex process that can rarely be explained in terms of a single causal ...

Appendix

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pp. 221-222

Notes

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pp. 223-307

References

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pp. 309-367

Index

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pp. 369-375