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Enlightenment and Catholicism in Europe
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In recent years, historians have rediscovered the religious dimensions of the Enlightenment. This volume offers a thorough reappraisal of the so-called “Catholic Enlightenment” as a transnational Enlightenment movement. This Catholic Enlightenment was at once ultramontane and conciliarist, sometimes moderate but often surprisingly radical, with participants active throughout Europe in universities, seminaries, salons, and the periodical press. In Enlightenment and Catholicism in Europe: A Transnational History, the contributors, primarily European scholars, provide intellectual biographies of twenty Catholic Enlightenment figures across eighteenth-century Europe, many of them little known in English-language scholarship on the Enlightenment and pre-revolutionary eras. These figures represent not only familiar French intellectuals of the Catholic Enlightenment but also Iberian, Italian, English, Polish, and German thinkers. The essays focus on the intellectual and cultural factors influencing the lives and works of their subjects, revealing the often global networks of intellectual sociability and reading that united them both to the Catholic Enlightenment and to eighteenth-century policies and projects. The volume, whose purpose is to advance the understanding of a transnational "Catholic Enlightenment," will be a reliable reference for historians, theologians, and scholars working in religious studies.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Introduction
  2. Jeffrey D. Burson
  3. pp. 1-38
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  1. Part: 1: Catholic Enlightenment and the Papacy
  2. pp. 39-40
  1. Chapter 1: Pope Benedict XIV (1740-1758)
  2. Mario Rosa
  3. pp. 41-60
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  1. Part 2: Catholicism and the Siècle des Lumières in France and Savoy
  2. pp. 61-62
  1. Chapter 2: Nicolas-Sylvestre Bergier (1718–1790)
  2. Jeffrey D. Burson
  3. pp. 63-88
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  1. Chapter 3: Giacinto Sigismondo Cardinal Gerdil (1718–1802)
  2. Dries Vanysacker
  3. pp. 89-106
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  1. Chapter 4: Adrien Lamourette (1742–1794)
  2. Caroline Chopelin-Blanc
  3. pp. 107-124
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  1. Chapter 5: Joseph de Maistre (1753–1821)
  2. Carolina Armenteros
  3. pp. 125-144
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  1. Chapter 6: Hugues-Félicité Robert de Lamennais (1782–1854)
  2. Carolina Armenteros
  3. pp. 145-164
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  1. Part 3: Catholic Enlightenment in the Holy Roman Empire
  2. pp. 165-166
  1. Chapter 7: Benedict Stattler (1728–1797)
  2. Ulrich L. Lehner
  3. pp. 167-190
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  1. Chapter 8: Beda Mayr (1742–1794)
  2. Ulrich L. Lehner
  3. pp. 191-206
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  1. Part 4: Catholicism, Enlightenment, and Habsburg Europe
  2. pp. 207-208
  1. Chapter 9: Franz Stephan Rautenstrauch (1734–1785)
  2. Thomas Wallnig
  3. pp. 209-226
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  1. Chapter 10: Johann Pezzl (1756–1823)
  2. Ritchie Robertson
  3. pp. 227-246
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  1. Part 5: Varieties of Italian Catholic Enlightenment
  2. pp. 247-248
  1. Chapter 11: Lodovico Antonio Muratori (1672–1750)
  2. Paola Vismara
  3. pp. 249-268
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  1. Chapter 12: Antonio Genovesi (1713–1769)
  2. Niccolò Guasti
  3. pp. 269-288
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  1. Chapter 13: Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718–1799)
  2. Massimo Mazzotti
  3. pp. 289-306
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  1. Part 6: Catholicism, Enlightenment, and the Iberian States
  2. pp. 307-308
  1. Chapter 14: Benito Jerónimo Feijoo y Montenegro (1676–1764)
  2. Francisco Sánchez-Blanco
  3. pp. 309-326
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  1. Chapter 15: Josep Climent i Avinent (1706–1781)
  2. Andrea J. Smidt
  3. pp. 327-350
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  1. Part 7: Transnational Trajectories: The Intersection of Irish, French, Italian, and Habsburg Developments
  2. pp. 351-352
  1. Chapter 16: Ruggiero Boscovich (1711–1787)
  2. Jonathan A. Wright
  3. pp. 353-370
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  1. Chapter 17: Luke Joseph Hooke (1714–1796)
  2. Thomas O’Connor
  3. pp. 371-388
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  1. Part 8: Catholicism in Protestant Territorial-Dynastic States: Scottish and English Enlightenment Variations
  2. pp. 389-390
  1. Chapter 18: Andrew Michael Ramsay (1686–1743)
  2. Gabriel Glickman
  3. pp. 391-410
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  1. Chapter 19: Alexander Geddes (1737–1802)
  2. Mark Goldie
  3. pp. 411-430
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  1. Part 9: The Polish Catholic Enlightenment
  2. pp. 431-432
  1. Chapter 20: Stanisław Konarski (1700–1772)
  2. Jerzy Lukowski
  3. pp. 433-454
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  1. Chapter 21: Hugo Kołłątaj (1750–1812)
  2. Anna Łysiak-Ła˛tkowska
  3. pp. 455-472
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 473-474
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 475-482
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  1. Back Cover
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