Front Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Dedication Page

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Table of Contents

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Foreword

Gowher Rizvi and Guido Bertucci

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pp. ix-x

Few issues have created as much controversy over the past half century as how governments and political systems should be structured and how public policies should be made and implemented. Centralists generally believe that...

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Chapter 1: From Government Decentralization to Decentralized Governance

G. Shabbir Cheema and Dennis A. Rondinelli

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pp. 1-20

Concepts of decentralization have changed rapidly over the past quarter of a century in tandem with the evolution in thinking about governance. Until the early 1980s government and the state were generally perceived of...

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Chapter 2: Parallel and Partnership Approaches to Decentralized Governance: Experience in Weak States

Dennis A. Rondinelli

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pp. 21-42

Globalization brings many developing countries the benefits of international trade and investment and broader access to jobs, entrepreneurial opportunities, information, education, and services. At the same...

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Chapter 3: Decentralization and Electronic Governance

Guido Bertucci and Maria Stefania Senese

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pp. 43-55

Global trends show a general decline of trust in government. Polls evidence a steady erosion of public trust in authorities and institutions. Despite a diffusion of democratic systems, citizens seem increasingly disenchanted by civic...

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Chapter 4: Local Governments That Perform Well: Four Explanations

Merilee S. Grindle

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pp. 56-74

Throughout the world, decentralization has created new responsibilities and expectations for local governments. And while the process of decentralization has brought significant new resources and power to local...

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Chapter 5: Political Decentralization in Africa: Experiences of Uganda, Rwanda, and South Africa

John-Mary Kauzya

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pp. 75-91

Historically, African countries have experienced fused, personalized, and at best highly centralized governance systems and practices. In precolonial times kings or traditional leaders represented basically all authority. During the...

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Chapter 6: Devolution toward Democracy: Lessons for Theory and Practice from the Philippines

Ledivina V. Cariño

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pp. 92-114

President Ferdinand E. Marcos justified putting the Philippines under martial law in 1972 by citing the primacy of bread over freedom. In this he was echoing orthodox modernization theory, which states that development...

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Chapter 7: Decentralization, Deconcentration, and Poverty Reduction in the Asia Pacific

Peter Blunt and Mark Turner

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pp. 115-130

In the last twenty years or so political decentralization has become an integral component of the ruling paradigm of democratic governance reform in developing countries. In some countries domestic pressures for democratization...

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Chapter 8: Fiscan Decentralization and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: Navigating a Viable Path to Reform

Paul Smoke

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pp. 131-155

The ongoing wave of decentralization in developing countries invariably includes fiscal reforms—the assignment of expenditure and revenue responsibilities to subnational...

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Chapter 9: Government Decentralization and Decentralized Governance in Latin America: The Silent Revolution of the Local Level?

Enrique Cabrero

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pp. 156-169

During much of the twentieth century, Latin American governments maintained strong tendencies toward centralization. This was partly due to the need to take actions to control violent or revolutionary processes earlier in the...

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Chapter 10: Devolution with Accountability: Learning from Good Practices

G. Shabbir Cheema

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pp. 170-188

The devolution of powers and resources to local governments is essential to promote sustainable decentralization in developing countries. Local governments with decisionmaking powers and ability to raise resources through their...

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Chapter 11: Decentralization and Participatory Local Governance: A Decision Space Analysis and Application to Peru

Derick W. Brinkerhoff, Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff, and Stephanie McNulty

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pp. 189-211

Analyses of decentralization take a variety of perspectives on the concept. From an initial concentration on decentralization as a state-centered enterprise by which central government allocates resources and authorities to...

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Chapter 12: Challenges to Decentralized Governance in Weak States

Goran Hyden

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pp. 212-228

Within the international development community the Scandinavian countries are among the most ardent advocates of decentralization. They have their own long history of how decentralization has helped foster...

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Chapter 13: Decentralization and Legal Empowerment of the Poor

Naresh Singh

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pp. 229-241

The past twenty-five years have seen significant shifts in geopolitics, the global environment, globalization, security, poverty, and economic inequality. These shifts create both new challenges and new opportunities for...

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Chapter 14: Decentralization to Promote Effective and Efficient Pro-Poor Infrastructure and Service Delivery in the Least-Developed Countries

Kadmiel H. Wekwete

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pp. 242-265

What does it take to have decentralization programs that promote effective and efficient infrastructure and services? What does it take to have decentralization that is pro-poor and that addresses the needs of the excluded...

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Chapter 15: Designing Decentralized Coastal Management Programs

Kem Lowry

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pp. 266-291

One of the most sobering realities about contemporary natural resource management and environmental protection is how difficult it is to translate environmental goals into effective action. The result is what might be called...

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Chapter 16: Issues and Best Practices in the Decentralization of Natural Resource Control in Developing Countries

William Ascher

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pp. 292-305

Many national governments wrested control over natural resources away from former resource exploiters at various times during the twentieth century, but are now in the process of considering or implementing the...

Contributors

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pp. 307-311

Index

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pp. 313-326

Back Cover

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