Front Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

...and Vernon Sykes (chair), Caroline Tolbert (co-chair), Erin O’Brien (co-chair), and Jamie Callender (co-chair) for sponsoring and organizing the symposium.We are also grateful to the University of Iowa for providing institutional support for this project...

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The Promise of Election Reform

caroline tolbert, todd donovan, and bruce e. cain

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pp. 1-18

...within the decentralized structure of American government has produced many reform experiments across the states. Some of these experiments have been intentional; others have not. Intentional experiments—particularly those promoted by citizen initiative...

Part One: Promoting Integrity

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Election Administration and Voter Confidence

lonna rae atkeson and kyle l. saunders

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pp. 21-34

...Florida but also in states such as New Mexico and Ohio—revealed deficiencies in voting equipment. In addition, registration mix-ups and problems with absentee ballots may have led to the loss of as many as 6 million votes.1 Confusing ballot designs, such as the butterfly...

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Poll Workers' Job Satisfaction and Confidence

thad hall, j. quin monson, and kelly d. patterson

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pp. 35-52

...learning in regard to election administration in the United States. The initial focus of both scholars and policymakers after the election was on voting technologies in order to discover which technologies most accurately recorded votes. More recently, however, scholars have come...

Part Two: Promoting Participation

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Vote Centers and Voter Turnout

eric gonzalez juenke and juliemarie shepherd

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pp. 55-67

...reform that was introduced in many Colorado counties in the 2006 general election. Vote centers change how votes are cast on election day by reducing the number of polling places available to voters, while allowing anyone in the county to vote at the most convenient...

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Early Voting and Voter Turnout

paul gronke, eva galanes-rosenbaum, and peter a. miller

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pp. 68-82

...watchword among election reformers. Early voting is attractive because of claims that increased convenience reduces the costs of voting, resulting in higher turnout and higher-quality voter decisions. For this reason, states have experimented extensively with early voting laws. Yet the empirical literature finds mixed results, with some studies suggesting...

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Election Day Registration, Competition, and Voter Turnout

caroline tolbert, todd donovan, bridgett king, and shaun bowler

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pp. 83-98

...voting laws to another key factor known to affect voter participation: electoral competition.We assess how the competitiveness of presidential races at the state level, congressional races, governor’s races, and ballot measures affect turnout.Uncompetitive elections result from...

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Direct Democracy, Engagement, and Voter Turnout

caroline tolbert and daniel c. bowen

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pp. 99-114

...direct democracy—the use of state and local ballot propositions or initiatives to resolve controversial policy issues. The constitutions of twenty-four states and hundreds of municipalities permit votes on proposed laws that reach the ballot when advocates submit the signatures of a required number of citizens. This Progressive...

Part Three: Promoting Responsiveness

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Term Limits and State Legislatures

thad kousser

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pp. 117-133

...been a topic of debate. These limits are an attempt to ensure that leaders are citizens who take temporary turns in government rather than experts who serve as long as they satisfy voters. Aristotle argued explicitly for term limits, which would set “all over each and each...

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Multimember Districts and State Legislatures

christopher a. cooper

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pp. 134-146

...static, a close examination of the history of the American electoral system reveals frequent changes. For instance, since the time of the Constitution’s ratification the country has moved from indirect election of senators to direct election, believing that direct election of senators...

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Legislative Redistricting

michael p. mcdonald

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pp. 147-160

...political ritual of legislative redistricting. This task is typically entrusted to state legislators, who have a self-interest in using redistricting to secure their reelection or maintain their party’s control of the legislature. Consequently, many good government groups have rallied...

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Multiple Parties and Ballot Regulations

barry c. burden

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pp. 161-173

...the winner-take-all approach does not reward candidates who finish third. Second, citizens vote strategically to avoid “wasting” their votes on hopeless candidates and spoiling the election.2 Perhaps owing to the apparent strength of Duverger’s law, most scholarly research on minor parties has focused on the electoral system...

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Direct Democracy and Election and Ethics Laws

daniel a. smith

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pp. 174-185

...elections. As such, we should not expect lawmakers to adopt either election or ethics reforms that may diminish their chances of winning and holding office. In nearly half of the American states, though, citizens may circumvent their state legislatures and adopt statutes...

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A Goal for Reform

todd donovan

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pp. 186-198

...broad range of reform proposals. Some address problems in the administration of elections. Others aim to increase participation by making the act of voting more convenient. A third category targets the structure of the election system, such as the way in which electoral...

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From the Last Generation for Reform to the Next

bruce e. cain

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pp. 199-206

...election administration, conflict of interest regulation, and direct democracy. Some of these changes have been court instigated: the move to equal population as the almost universal basis for legislative representation and the removal of racially discriminatory electoral and franchise...

References

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pp. 207-228

Contributors

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pp. 229-230

Index

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pp. 231-238

Back Cover

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