Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 1-4

Contents

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pp. 5-6

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Introduction

Anders Jarlert

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pp. 7-24

...widely influential in Protestantism in this period. Further, the reform of piety is much wider than the reform of private devotion only, since it includes reforms of liturgy, hymns, Bible translation, etc, but also changing patterns and methods for religious expression on a wide scale, both collective and individual. In his chapter on the Catholic Netherlands in the present volume, Peter Jan Margry defines...

THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN & IRELAND

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Christian Piety in Britain during the ‘Long’ Nineteenth Century, c 1780-1920

Mary Heimann

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pp. 27-54

...Along with industrialisation, modernisation and the growth of Empire, Britain’s ‘long’ nineteenth century has come to be associated with accelerated secularisation. This was not how it looked at the time. Far from imagining that their society would one day be remembered for a supposed decline in faith, Victorian and Edwardian Christians of all denominations energetically spread the Gospel around...

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Sport and the Reform of Piety in England: A Case Study

Hugh McLeod

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pp. 55-64

...In 1798 the building of St Bartholomew’s chapel in Birmingham was celebrated by a bull-baiting. When, however, in 1829 there was a proposal to mark the consecration of Christ Church, West Bromwich, in the same way, the incumbent refused to have anything to do with it, and it is believed that no baiting took place...

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The Reform of Piety in Ireland,1780-1920

Janice Holmes

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pp. 65-98

...Despite the amount of research which has been carried out into religion in Ireland, very little of it has focused on the concept of ‘piety’ and how people’s religious beliefs and practices have changed over time. Irish historians have been preoccupied with the political dimensions of religion, in particular Protestant-Catholic relations and the connection between faith and nationalism. While historians...

THE LOW COUNTRIES

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Reform of Piety in the Southern Netherlands/Belgium

Tine Van Osselaer

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pp. 101-124

...The history of Catholic piety in Belgium from the late eighteenth until the start of the twentieth century is inextricably bound up with major transformations in the position of the national as well as the international Catholic Church. First of all, Catholicism became an important component of the self-image of the young Belgian nation. Although no longer a state church, the Catholic Church’s close association...

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Dutch Devotionalisation

Peter Jan Margry

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pp. 125-156

...“They can’t forbid it to us any more!”, shouted a group of Marian devotees on their way to the shrine of Our Lady of Need near the small village of Heiloo in 1807. This defiant cry articulated their awareness of their having regained full legal rights as Catholics. Having suffered two centuries of religious suppression...

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Reforming Dutch Protestant Piety, 1780-1920

Fred van Lieburg

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pp. 157-190

...section, published in 1776, is a description of the manners and customs of the most important province of the Dutch Republic, in which religion receives ample attention. A citizen of Leiden himself, he was in a position to provide a firsthand account of the city, which had an exceptional status as the location of the famous Academy of Holland. However, Le Francq van Berkhey had also taken the trouble...

GERMANY

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Reform of Piety in German Catholicism, 1780-1920

Bernhard Schneider

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pp. 193-224

...The history of Catholic piety in German-speaking areas between 1780 and 1920 was characterised by two reform projects, which for some decades in a phase of transition were in direct confrontation: Catholic enlightenment and the ultramontanist movement. However, both were not entirely...

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Evangelical Germany

Anders Jarlert

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pp. 225-262

...German Protestants were more pluralised than German Catholics. They were diversified in confession, both in creed and in organisation, in Lutheran churches, Reformed churches, and in the Unions of Lutheran and Reformed churches. Within the latter ones, there was also a continuing conflict between Lutherans and Unionists...

THE NORDIC COUNTRIES

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The Dynamics of Reform of Pietyin Denmark, c 1780-1920

Johs. Enggaard Stidsen

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pp. 265-285

...The autocratic monarchy was introduced by King Frederik III in 1660 and existed until 1849. The State administration had a good grip on the faith and opinions of people, including the piety. The religious practice of the citizens was closely watched. The Conventicle Rescript of 1741 put up clear rules for the practice of the only and true form of Christianity. Religious meetings could - according to this legislation...

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Reform in Sweden

Anders Jarlert

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pp. 286-306

...The development of reform in Swedish piety during the ‘long’ nineteenth century coincides with the working period of the ‘long’ Bible committee, 1773-1917. Such a long and slow story of religious reform by one continuing State committee is unique in Western Europe, and significant for the development of devotional...

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Reform of Piety in Norway, 1780-1920

Ingunn Folkestad Breistein

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pp. 307-328

...The aim of this chapter is to describe reform of piety in Norway in 1780-1920 on the background of political, social and cultural development in the country during these years. From 1537 (Lutheran Reformation) until 1814 (Norwegian Constitution), Norway was a dependency to Denmark. From 1814-1905, Norway was in union with Sweden. The religious development in Norway was different from...

Index

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pp. 329-333

Authors

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pp. 334-335

Colophon

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pp. 336-336