Before the Volcano Erupted
The Ancient Cerén Village in Central America
Publication Year: 2002
Published by: University of Texas Press
As with many archaeological sites, the Cer
Chapter 1: Introduction
This chapter begins with consideration of the natural and cultural environments of the site, and then turns to the theoretical context within which the research is being conducted. That discussion is followed by a brief history of the property on which the site has been located over the past three decades, up to the present. Next follows a description of the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research project, in which archaeology...
PART ONE: Multidisciplinary Research
This first part of the book, supported by a CDROM (An Interactive Guide to Ancient Cer
Chapter 2: Volcanology, Stratigraphy, and Effects on Structures
Geological and volcanological studies at the Cer
Chapter 3: Geophysical Exploration at Cer
Since 1979 a wide variety of geophysical instruments have been employed at the Cer
Chapter 4: Cer
Because of the rapid deposition of tephra on the site surface, conditions for the preservation of plant remains are excellent at Cer
PART TWO: Household Archaeology
Chapter 5: Ancient Home and Garden: The View from Household 1 at Cer
Household 1 is a designation given to four functionally distinct structures that appear to have related to each other on the basis of proximity, complementary functions, contiguous extramural work areas, and interjoined traffic patterns (Fig. 5.1). These factors distinguish Household 1 from other nearby structures...
Chapter 6 Household 2 at Cer
Research at Cer
Chapter 7: Structure 16: The Kitchen of Household 3
To date only a portion of the kitchen ofHousehold 3 has been excavated. However, based on the example established by Household 1, future investigations should reveal additional domestic structures that will confirm Household 3 as a distinct residential complex...
Chapter 8: Structure 4: A Storehouse-Workshop for Household 4
Structure 4 was first discovered as a geophysical anomaly by resistivity explorations, and excavated in 1990 by a crew under the direction of Andrea Gerstle (see 1990 report at website http://ceren. colorado.edu or on CD-ROM An Interactive Guide to Ancient Cer
PART THREE: Special Buildings
Chapter 9: The Civic Complex
The civic complex at Cer
Chapter 10: Structure 9: A Precolumbian Sweat Bath at Cer
Sweat baths are important in health, hygiene, and ritual in traditional Mesoamerica, and historical evidence documents their use since the Conquest. Archaeological, iconographic, and epigraphic data document sweat bath use during the Classic Period, but there are few securely identified archaeological examples. Most known sweat baths are in the central areas of large sites, presumably linked to elite ritual...
Chapter 11: Structure 10: Feasting and Village Festivals
Structure 10 is located only 5 m west of Household 1 and 5 m east of Structure 12 (Fig. 1.1). Architectural components and the artifact assemblage suggest that Structure 10 was a special-use building which served a nonresidential function. Specifically, Structure 10 was utilized for production of community festivals and the storage of festival paraphernalia...
Chapter 12: Divination at Cer
This chapter summarizes the results of archaeological investigations undertaken at Structure 12 and presents interpretations of how the building and its environs may have been used 14 centuries ago by the inhabitants of Cer
PART FOUR: Artifacts
Chapter 13: Ceramics and Their Use at Cer
The overall objective of the Cerén ceramic analysis program has been to use the material record to reconstruct aspects of household life and community- level organization. Because of Cerén’s unique recovery circumstances, with structures destroyed during their active use rather than following abandonment, it has been possible to analyze sets of vessels according to their in-use provenience...
Chapter 14: The Chipped Stone Artifacts of Cer
Chapter 15: Groundstone Artifacts in the Cer
The term groundstone is used here in the broad sense (e.g. Hummer 1983; Sheets 1978, 1992b) to include artifacts made for grinding (e.g., manos, metates, and donut stones), polishing, and smoothing, as well as those for which grinding was used in their manufacture (e.g., celts, beads). Also included here are the hammerstones that were used in their manufacture...
Chapter 16: Household and Community Animal Use at Cer
Animals were among the resources exploited by Cer
Chapter 17: Artifacts Made from Plant Materials
The combination of Cerén’s unique archaeological situation and the early recognition of the extent to which perishable material could be recovered with careful removal, processing, and conservation has resulted in an assemblage of materials not usually available from household excavation projects. This category of remains gives us useful data...
PART FIVE: Topics and Issues of Cer
Chapter 18 The Conservation Program at Cer
Conservation’s primary purpose is the preservation of materials of cultural and natural value, so that they are available for future study and enjoyment. At Cerén, the particular circumstances of burial have enabled an unusually complete body of material evidence to survive, providing an exceptional resource for research and ultimately for public edification. Yet many of the materials...
Chapter 19: Household Production and Specialization at Cer
The theoretical framework for this chapter, and for much of the Cer
Chapter 20: Cultivating Biodiversity: Milpas, Gardens, and the Classic Period Landscape
Chapter 21: Continuity and Change in the Contemporary Community of Joya de Cer
In this chapter, we present a brief ethnography of the modern cantón of Joya de Cerén, within which the Cerén site is located.1 The cantón is an administrative unit consisting in this instance of five villages, of which the colonia Joya de Cerén is the central unit. According to our data, 5,834 people, living in 680 domestic groups, make up the cantón’s population...
Chapter 22: Summary and Conclusions
Page Count: 238
Illustrations: 75 figures, 38 tables
Publication Year: 2002
OCLC Number: 55670326
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