Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

acknowledgments

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pp. vii-xii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-14

The Election of President of the United States has at this season excited very little interest, either in the private circles, or in the newspapers,” observed a correspondent to the Richmond Enquirer in November 1820. “There will be no contest,” “Virginius” continued. “Mr. Monroe is as...

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“ ‘We the People’ Have No Political Existence”

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pp. 15-46

The following satirical article, a parody on the fugitive slave advertisements that filled the southern press, appeared in a Boston newspaper four days after the congressional election of 1820: Deserted from the federal cause, on 23d inst. six hundred legal voters...

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“Let Us Unite Like One Man”

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pp. 47-72

On 2 August 1824 the citizens of Illinois were called upon to decide whether to summon a constitutional convention in order to open their state to slavery. At “the elections through the State, the utmost exertions prevailed, but no riots,” recorded one observer. “The aged and crippled were carried to the...

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“Associate Yourselves Throughout the Nation”

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pp. 73-107

Reflecting during the summer of 1820 on the recent defeat of the Baldwin tariff bill in Congress, the Philadelphia printer Mathew Carey, a vocal advocate of protection for American manufactures, was in no doubt as to the culprit. In a lengthy “Prefatory Address” to his latest pamphlet in favor of...

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“You Must Organize Against Organization”

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pp. 108-138

Written during the canvass by John C. Calhoun, himself a candidate for the White House, the following appraisal of the presidential election of 1824 presents a stark contrast to the standard celebratory narrative, which paints political parties as agents of democracy...

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Conclusion

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pp. 139-148

In his inaugural address, in March 1825, John Quincy Adams expressed the hope that the “baneful weed of party strife” might be finally eradicated from the nation’s politics. Ten years of peace, at home and abroad, have assuaged the animosities...

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Appendixes

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pp. 149-164

To calculate the size of the electorate in each state I used data from the U.S. federal censuses of 1820 and 1830 and from state censuses where appropriate. For some states the electorate included all adult males; for some it included only white adult males; and for some it included only a proportion of white...

Notes

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pp. 165-202

Bibliography

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pp. 203-228

Index

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pp. 229-237

Series Page

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pp. 238-239