Points of Change in U.S. Women's Sport
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Series: Sport and Society
Title Page, Editor's Page, Copyright Page, Dedication
I would like to begin by acknowledging Willis G. Regier, director of the University of Illinois Press and the person who really made this book possible. I first met Bill at a North American Society for Sport History conference. More accurately, Melvin L. Adelman made sure we met, and for that (and a...
Introduction: The Politics of the Ponytail
Consider the ponytail, that seemingly innocuous mass of hair bundled together on an individual’s head. It might be worn loose or pulled tight, bound by a casual length of string or secured with a mass-produced elastic. It might be positioned at any number of spots: the nape of one’s neck, the crown of...
1. What Shall We Wear for Tennis?
After “vanquishing a young lady at lawn tennis, though in his judgment she was the better player,” Major Wingfield, “the English gentleman who generally has the credit of being the inventor of Lawn Tennis,” sought to understand why he emerged the victor. And so, following the 1881 match...
2. Commercial Tampons and the Sportswoman, 1936–52
Tennis underwent tremendous change after the 1960s. Television, corporate sponsorship, and the “open era” (bringing together amateur and professional players at Grand Slam events) all played important roles. Women continued to buck convention, bringing unprecedented strength and athleticism to the...
3. Rules, Rulers, and the "Right Kind" of Competition
For nearly a century, female physical educators provided athletic opportunities for girls and women. They offered programs for their students to learn about and experience physical activity in ways that contested residual beliefs about female frailty. At the same time, these leaders made sure students developed...
4. Women's Sport and Questionable Sex
I do not know why Santhi Soundarajan attempted suicide in September 2007, though many speculate it had something to do with the “sex test” she was forced to take at the 2006 Asian Games. Following the Indian athlete’s second-place finish in the 800-meter race, officials compelled Soundarajan...
5. From "Women in Sports" to the "New Ideal of Beauty"
The advent of sex testing and the National Institutes in the 1960s were attempts to control gender normativity in the face of an undeniable and impending explosion in women’s sport participation. Both were important precursors to what many felt was an athletic “revolution” in the 1970s, an...
6. A Cultural History of the Sports Bra
7. Something to Cheer About?
I attended my first competitive cheerleading contest at the University of Maryland with only a rudimentary understanding of what to expect. It was 2010 and, seven years earlier, the Terrapins became the first collegiate program to grant the sport varsity status. I had no doubt that the women who...
The summer of 2012 was one of remarkable consequence. June 23 marked the fortieth anniversary of Title IX. It was an occasion for retrospective, introspective, and prospective analyses, a time to marvel at the tremendous growth of women’s sport, a reminder to keep vigilant about persistent inequities...
Index, About the Author, Series Page, Back Cover