Anna Howard Shaw
The Work of Woman Suffrage
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Series: Women in American History
Title Page, Copyright Page
After so many years, my debts to all the people who assisted me along the way are tremendous. I realize there is no means to adequately acknowledge and appropriately thank everyone, but I will make an attempt to recognize as many of the people who worked with me as I can. This book would not have happened if Albion College had not kept alive...
Introduction: Facing Contradictions
Forty-five years earlier, in 1874, a slight young woman with cropped hair and intense dark eyes sat silently behind the driver in an open wagon.1 With growing anxiety, she anticipated a long night’s journey through the deep forest to the northern Michigan lumber camp where she was scheduled to preach. Recently licensed as a Methodist preacher, Anna Howard...
1. The Development of a Dissenter (1847-1870)
Anna Howard Shaw faced an uphill battle from the start.1 She was born on St. Valentine’s Day in 1847, in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in northeast England, the sixth child and the third daughter of a bankrupt Scottish family. While all members of such struggling families in the mid–nineteenth...
2. The Road to Independence (1871-1880)
When the U.S. Census enumerator visited the Shaw family on their farm outside of the village of Paris, Michigan, in 1870, the Civil War had been over for five years.1 For Anna Howard Shaw these had been five frustrating years. From 1865 to 1870 Shaw had struggled against external realities as...
3. Finding the Cause (1881-1889)
Ordination, national coverage by the Woman’s Journal, two parishes, and financial independence—by 1880, Anna Howard Shaw had not only achieved her specific goals, but she had redefined herself.1 The 1870 unmarried, “at home” daughter of the Michigan frontier was now a thirtythree...
4. Apprenticeship in the National American Woman Suffrage Association (1890-1903)
South Dakota was not a welcoming landscape for Anna Howard Shaw when she joined Susan B. Anthony and other suffrage workers in 1890 for her first state suffrage campaign.1 While the Wounded Knee massacre of December 1890 dominates the history of South Dakota’s initial...
5. Compromised Leadership: NAWSA Presidency, Part 1 (1904-1908)
Anna Howard Shaw had dreamed of succeeding her mentor, Susan B. Anthony, as leader of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).1 That hope had crashed against the economic realities of Shaw’s life. In 1900 and still in 1904, she was in no position to assume the unpaid...
6. Creating Her Vision: NAWSA Presidency, Part II (1909-1912)
On September 18, 1909, five long years after the membership of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) first elected her President, Anna Howard Shaw celebrated a major victory. The victory wasn’t adding another suffrage state or securing a large fund for the cause...
7. Unanticipated Challenges, NAWSA Presidency, Part III (1913-1915)
By 1913 Anna Howard Shaw could see the end of the struggle. The movement to extend that basic right of equal citizenship—full suffrage—to all women now had sufficient momentum to see it through to the final victory. 1 After years of slow progress and the efforts of generations of women...
8. A Worker to the End (1916-1919)
Over the course of her long working life, very few things stopped Anna Howard Shaw.1 Though illnesses plagued her from the time she was in her forties, Shaw generally would manage to stave them off to keep them from disrupting her schedule. On a number of trips to Europe, she spent...
Epilogue: Anna Howard Shaw and Women's History
History matters, but, as we well know, history doesn’t just happen. Over the many years of researching Anna Howard Shaw, I was driven by a quest to understand not only the life of this remarkable woman but also how women’s history transformed this transgressive, irreverent pioneering woman...
Notes on Sources
The research for this book spanned eighteen years and consequently witnessed many changes in searching for and accessing sources. In the end, it combines traditional historical methods with the easier availability of certain materials, books, photographs, and public documents that are now digitized...
Index, About the Author, Series Page, Back Cover