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Indigenous Landscapes and Spanish Missions
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summary
Spanish missions in North America were once viewed as confining and stagnant communities, with native peoples on the margins of the colonial enterprise. Recent archaeological and ethnohistorical research challenges that notion. Indigenous Landscapes and Spanish Missions considers how native peoples actively incorporated the mission system into their own dynamic existence. The book, written by diverse scholars and edited by Lee M. Panich and Tsim D. Schneider, covers missions in the Spanish borderlands from California to Texas to Georgia.

Offering thoughtful arguments and innovative perspectives, the editors organized the book around three interrelated themes. The first section explores power, politics, and belief, recognizing that Spanish missions were established within indigenous landscapes with preexisting tensions, alliances, and belief systems. The second part, addressing missions from the perspective of indigenous inhabitants, focuses on their social, economic, and historical connections to the surrounding landscapes. The final section considers the varied connections between mission communities and the world beyond the mission walls, including examinations of how mission neophytes, missionaries, and colonial elites vied for land and natural resources.

Indigenous Landscapes and Spanish Missions offers a holistic view on the consequences of missionization and the active negotiation of missions by indigenous peoples, revealing cross-cutting perspectives into the complex and contested histories of the Spanish borderlands. This volume challenges readers to examine deeply the ways in which native peoples negotiated colonialism not just inside the missions themselves but also within broader indigenous landscapes. This book will be of interest to archaeologists, historians, tribal scholars, and anyone interested in indigenous encounters with colonial institutions.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-2
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 3-4
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  1. 1. Native Agency at the Margins of Empire: Indigenous Landscapes, Spanish Missions, and Contested Histories
  2. Tsim D. Schneider and Lee M. Panich
  3. pp. 5-22
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  1. Part I. Power, Politics, and Belief
  2. pp. 23-24
  1. 2. The Guale Uprising of 1597: An Archaeological Perspective from Mission Santa Catalina de Guale (Georgia)
  2. Elliot H. Blair and David Hurst Thomas
  3. pp. 25-40
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  1. 3. Missionization, Negotiation, and Belief: The Role of the Acuera Chiefdom in Colonial Seventeenth-Century Florida
  2. Willet A. Boyer III
  3. pp. 41-56
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  1. 4. Missions Untenable: Experiences of the Hasinai Caddo and the Spanish in East Texas
  2. Paul Shawn Marceaux and Mariah F. Wade
  3. pp. 57-76
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  1. Part II. External Connections
  2. pp. 77-78
  1. 5. Who Were the Guale?: Reevaluating Interaction in the Mission Town of San Joseph de Sapala
  2. Christopher R. Moore and Richard W. Jefferies
  3. pp. 79-92
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  1. 6. “Countless Heathens”: Native Americans and the Spanish Missions of Southern Texas and Northeastern Coahuila
  2. Tamra L. Walter and Thomas R. Hester
  3. pp. 93-113
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  1. 7. Indigenous Landscapes: Mexicanized Indians and the Archaeology of Social Networks in Alta California
  2. Rubén G. Mendoza
  3. pp. 114-132
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  1. Part III. Outside the Mission Walls
  2. pp. 133-134
  1. 8. Depriving God and the King of the Means of Charity: Early Nineteenth-Century Missionaries’ Views of Cattle Ranchers near Mission La Purísima, California
  2. Glenn J. Farris
  3. pp. 135-153
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  1. 9. Points of Refuge in the South Central California Colonial Hinterlands
  2. Julienne Bernard, David Robinson, and Fraser Sturt
  3. pp. 154-171
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  1. 10. Toward a Historical Ecology of the Mission in Seventeenth-Century New Mexico
  2. Mark T. Lycett
  3. pp. 172-188
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  1. Conclusion: Reflections on Spanish Missions in the Native Landscape
  2. pp. 189-190
  1. 11. A Cubist Perspective of Indigenous Landscapes and Spanish Missions
  2. Kent G. Lightfoot
  3. pp. 191-208
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  1. References Cited
  2. pp. 209-243
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 244-249
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 250-256
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