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Finns in the United States
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Late-arriving immigrants during the Great Migration, Finns were, comparatively speaking, a relatively small immigrant group, with about 350,000 immigrants arriving prior to World War II. Nevertheless, because of their geographic concentration in the Upper Midwest in particular, their impact was pronounced. They differed from many other new immigrant groups in a number of ways, including the fact that theirs is not an Indo-European language, and many old-country cultural and social features reflect their geographic location in Europe, at the juncture of East and West. A fresh and up-to-date analysis of Finnish Americans, this insightful volume lays the groundwork for exploring this unique culture through a historical context, followed by an overview of the overall composition and settlement patterns of these newcomers. The authors investigate the vivid ethnic organizations Finns created, as well as the cultural life they sought to preserve and enhance while fitting into their new homeland. Also explored are the complex dimensions of Finnish-American political and religious life, as well as the exodus of many radical leftists to Soviet Karelia in the 1930s. Through the lens of multiculturalism, transnationalism, and whiteness studies, the authors of this volume present a rich portrait of this distinctive group.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Part 1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. Updating and Rethinking the Finnish American Story, Jon Saari
  2. Jon Saari
  3. pp. 3-12
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  1. Interest in the History of Finnish Americans, Auvo Kostiainen
  2. Auvo Kostiainen
  3. pp. 13-26
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  1. Part 2. Colonial Settlement of the Swedes and Finns
  2. pp. 27-28
  1. The Delaware Colonists and Their Heritage, Auvo Kostiainen
  2. Auvo Kostiainen
  3. pp. 29-38
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  1. Part 3. Seamen, Masses, and Individual Migrants of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
  2. pp. 39-40
  1. Migration from Finland to North America, Reino Kero
  2. Reino Kero
  3. pp. 41-54
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  1. Finnish Settlements in the United States: “Nesting Places” and Finntowns, Arnold R. Alanen
  2. Arnold R. Alanen
  3. pp. 55-74
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  1. Ambiguous Identity: Finnish Americans and the Race Question, Peter Kivistoand Johanna Leinonen
  2. Peter Kivisto, Johanna Leinonen
  3. pp. 75-88
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  1. Part 4. Finnish Communities Organized
  2. pp. 89-90
  1. Fighting for Temperance Ideas, Paul George Hummasti
  2. Paul George Hummasti
  3. pp. 91-106
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  1. Religious Activities of the Finns: An Examination of Finnish Religious Life in Industrialized North America, Gary Kaunonen
  2. Gary Kaunonen
  3. pp. 107-130
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  1. Politics of the Left and the Right, Auvo Kostiainen
  2. Auvo Kostiainen
  3. pp. 131-156
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  1. “Sooner or Later You’re a Cooperator”: The Finnish American Cooperative Movement, Hannu Heinilä
  2. Hannu Heinilä
  3. pp. 157-170
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  1. Part 5. The Multitude of Cultural Life
  2. pp. 171-172
  1. Finnish Identity in Immigrant Culture, Keijo Virtanen
  2. Keijo Virtanen
  3. pp. 173-204
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  1. Papers and Publications, Auvo Kostiainen
  2. Auvo Kostiainen
  3. pp. 205-218
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  1. Part 6. Finland’s Minority Emigrants
  2. pp. 219-220
  1. Finland-Swedes in North America, Mika Roinila
  2. Mika Roinila
  3. pp. 221-240
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  1. Part 7. Connected to Finland
  2. pp. 241-242
  1. Distant Dreams, Different Realities: North American Immigrants Revisit Finland, Erik Hieta
  2. Erik Hieta
  3. pp. 243-252
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  1. Help among Nations: The Humanitarian Impulse in American–Finnish Relations, Erik Hieta
  2. Erik Hieta
  3. pp. 253-262
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  1. The Return Migration of Finns from North America, Keijo Virtanen
  2. Keijo Virtanen
  3. pp. 263-272
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  1. Deported Finns, Auvo Kostiainen
  2. Auvo Kostiainen
  3. pp. 273-282
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  1. Part 8. Acculturation and Generations
  2. pp. 283-284
  1. One Culture, Two Cultures? Families of Finns in the United States in the Twentieth Century, Johanna Leinonen
  2. Johanna Leinonen
  3. pp. 285-296
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  1. The Transnational Practices of Finnish Immigrants, Peter Kivisto
  2. Peter Kivisto
  3. pp. 297-308
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  1. Who Is a “Real” Finn? Negotiating Finnish and Finnish American Identity in the Contemporary United States, Johanna Leinonen
  2. Johanna Leinonen
  3. pp. 309-316
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  1. Part 9. Turning to Americans
  2. pp. 317-318
  1. Adjustment and the Future, Mika Roinila
  2. Mika Roinila
  3. pp. 319-326
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  1. For Further Reference
  2. pp. 327-332
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 333-334
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 335-342
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