Title Page, Copyright

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CONTENTS

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pp. v-vi

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. vii-viii

''I HAVE BEEN CLEARING AWAY BRAMBLES," Stephen F. Austin once wrote, "laying foundations, sowing the seed." An appropriate sentiment also for this project, the harvest of which could not have occurred likewise without the good help of others. I am indebted to my friends and former colleagues at the Texas State Historical...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-6

"A 'WILD, RECKY, INDIANY LOOKING PLACE' ... full of lawless men [who] would throw the rawhide on to [anyone] in a way that was a pity and a caution." Such was the way a resident described Goliad during the days of the Republic of Texas (1836-1845). Things have calmed down considerably since, but any visitor to this old...

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1. THE SPANISH ERA

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pp. 7-23

THE "GREAT KINGDOM OF THE TEXAS." So did early Spanish explorers christen the vast northern frontier of New Spain, named for the ancient Indian greeting "techas" or "tejas," meaning "friends" or "allies," and applied by the Spaniards to the whole region and its inhabitants. But this so-called "land of the friends" became pivotal...

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2. EMPRESARIOS

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pp. 24-34

"MEXICO HAD DECLARED HER INDEPENDENCE of Spain; ... Stephen F. Austin had securely planted his colony on the Brazos River, and Americans had gained a footing on Texan soil which they were destined never more to relinquish," wrote John J. Linn, an Irish immigrant himself destined to become a leader in De Leon's...

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3. REVOLUTION!

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pp. 35-55

THE EMERGENCE OF ANTONIO LÓPEZ DE SANTA ANNA as president of Mexico in 1834, and consequently his leadership in a movement to establish the authority of a supreme central government, was the ironic catalyst toward a rebellion in the northern provinces that would ultimately result in revolution and Texas independence....

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4. THE GOLIAD MASSACRE

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pp. 56-73

GEN. HOUSTON ARRIVED AT GONZALES ON MARCH ll--the same day Col. Fannin had dispatched Amon King to Refugio--and learned that the Alamo had fallen. He hurried Capt. Francis J. Dusanque to Goliad with these tidings and ordered Fannin to fall back to Guadalupe Victoria "as soon as practicable ... with your command...

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5. EPILOGUE: GHOSTS AND METEORS

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pp. 74-79

AFTER THE EXECUTIONS, THE BODIES of the Texans were poorly burned on piles of green mesquite brush, the remains left exposed to weather, vultures, and coyotes. Following the battle of San Jacinto, Thomas Jefferson Rusk, brigadier general in charge of the Texas army (now numbering an unprecedented 3,000 troops)...

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SUGGESTED READING

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pp. 80-88

THERE IS A WEALTH OF PUBLISHED SOURCES for readers desiring further study of La Bahía's rich heritage. Always the starting place for biographies, events, towns, and innumerable topics in Texas history is Walter Prescott Webb, H. Bailey Carroll, and Eldon Stephen Branda (eds.), Handbook of Texas (Austin: Texas State...

NOTES

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pp. 89-91

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

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p. 92